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Archive for June, 2012

OIC Secretary General Condemns Attacks On Churches And Calls For Restraint In Nigeria

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 25, 2012


 

Date: 19/06/2012

The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu has expressed his strong condemnation of the bombings on 17th June 2012 of churches in Kaduna and Zaria and the subsequent reprisals on innocent persons which led to the death of tens of people and the injury of hundreds of others.

Prof Ihsanoglu reiterated his firm rejection of violence targeting religious sites and worshippers which he said had no place under any religion. He also conveyed his sincere condolences to the families of the victims, the government and people of Nigeria over the tragic incidents.

The Secretary General appealed for calm and restraint from all Nigerians in order to avoid worsening an already complicated situation and shun acts and pronouncements which could ignite a sectarian conflict in their country.

 

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Call for submissions of information on combating intolerance, negative stereotyping, stigmatization, discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against persons, based on religion or belief

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 7, 2012


In preparation for the Secretary-General’s forthcoming report, The Civil Society Section of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights encourages you to provide input (see para.10, General Assembly resolution 66/167).

Guidance note on contributions:

1. Responses should not exceed five pages (supporting documents can be attached)

2. Bearing in mind the text of General Assembly resolution A/RES/66/167, responses may wish to reflect the following:

a. General information on the implementation of the resolution 

b. Information concerning steps taken by countries to combat intolerance, negative stereotyping, stigmatization, discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against persons, based on religion or belief as set forth in the resolution, including measures and policies to:

– ensure that public functionaries, in the conduct of their public duties, do not discriminate against an individual on the basis of religion or belief;

– foster religious freedom and pluralism by promoting the ability of members of all religious communities to manifest their religion and to contribute openly and on an equal footing to society 

– encourage the representation and meaningful participation of individuals, irrespective of their religion or belief, in all sectors of society;

– make a strong effort to counter religious profiling, which is understood to be the invidious use of religion as a criterion in conducting questioning, searches and other law enforcement investigative procedures;

– promote the full respect for and protection of places of worship and religious sites, cemeteries and shrines, and to take measures in cases where they are vulnerable to vandalism or destruction; and,

– foster a global dialogue for the promotion of a culture of tolerance and peace at all levels, based on respect for human rights and diversity of religions and beliefs.

Send your contribution, five pages (max.), by 15 June 2012 to registry@ohchr.org.


Source: Bangkok ONHRC

Posted in Freedom of Religion, Human Rights and Islam, OIC Member States and UN Human Rights Mechanism | Leave a Comment »

OIC INTERNATIONAL MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON REFUGEES IN THE MUSLIM WORLD

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 1, 2012


INTERNATIONAL MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON REFUGEES IN THE MUSLIM WORLD

ASHGABAT, TURKMENISTAN
11-12 MAY 2012

Documents

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The OIC on Democracy and Human Rights

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 1, 2012


Interview with Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary-General, Organization of the Islamic Conference

Interviewer: Toni Johnson, Senior Editor/Senior Staff Writer
October 1, 2010      

With Islam the subject of intense scrutiny around the world, the Organization of the Islamic Conference–a group of fifty-six Islamic states–has launched efforts to take a broader role in international affairs. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, secretary-general for the Organization of the Islamic Conference, says the organization is working on a meeting of religious scholars in Afghanistan similar to one it had in Iraq in 2006 to address sectarian violence and remind people “that nothing in Islam would allow them to kill anybody.” İhsanoğlu says Islam is compatible with democracy but notes sometimes the road to democracy is not easy. “It’s not that everybody is born democratic,” he says. “We have to work for that. We consider what happened in Afghanistan a step forward to democracy.”

You’ve said that the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is trying to organize a meeting of religious scholars, or ulema, for Afghanistan to combat radicalism. How this would work and what might it accomplish? You mentioned something the OIC had done similarly in Iraq?

In Iraq, during the heat of the sectarian fighting between Sunni and Shiite, and [with] civil war in sight, we looked to the matter. There were many attempts of reconciling, and I said, “Let’s take one aspect.” We took on the sectarian issue between the Sunnis and Shiites. We had in our organization a jurisprudence academy where scholars get together–this is separate from our political work. I asked them to prepare the ground for a meeting where we could get these people together.

Then we had to lobby with the ulema, all the leaders of sects in Iraq, to convince the muftis, the ayatollahs, to come together. Then we organized a kind of Islamic [consensus] to shun killing on basis of religious affiliation. We asked them to send their representative, and we sat together working a kind of an agreement, on the basis of religious texts, that prohibits killing on any basis.

Then we invited the grand ulemas–the grand muftis, the grand ayatollahs–and they came. It was October 2006 that they signed the [Makkah Al-Mukarramah] document and it was announced. Immediately it received big support from all over the Muslim world. Everybody committed himself to it. That was the way that violence on the basis of sectarianism stopped, because we reminded them that nothing in Islam would allow them to kill anybody–to kill people on the ground of if they’re Sunnis or Shiites or to destroy the mosques or shrines. Now the time has come to do that in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan recently had parliamentary elections in which voting fraud has been an issue. Last year’s presidential election in Iran was also contested. How important is democracy promotion and reform to the OIC? And given the challenges of some member states, how do you see OIC’s role in promoting democracy?

I do believe, firmly, that democracy is compatible with Islam. I think the parliamentarian system also is compatible with Islam. And I think the only way now for any society, whether a Muslim society or otherwise, to have good governance is through democracy. This is my personal conviction, and I think, to a great extent, I managed to put this in the new charter (PDF).

I come from [Turkey] which is fully democratic, where you have the change of power, change of govern

ment goes by
 ballot not by bullet. [But] European societies, Western societies, America–they did not reach this level in one goal. You see revolutions, civil wars, crowns were beheaded. And some European countries–not the socialist ones who joined the Western club after the demise of the Soviet Union, but even in Western Europe, countries like Spain, like Portugal–lately joined democracy. In my generation there were no democracies in many European countries. 

It’s not that everybody is born democratic. We have to work for that. We consider what happened in Afghanistan a step forward to democracy. 

The OIC adopted a separate Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in 1990, a parallel document to the UN’s 1948 Universal Human Rights Declaration. Why do Muslims need a separate declaration? Are there provisions of the 1948 declaration that Muslims think are not, indeed, universal?

I believe that universal human rights are compatible with Islam, and I have no problem on that. I had made a statement in Geneva in the Humans Rights Council that we look forward to integrating our system [the Cairo declaration] with the United Nations system, and now we have established a new human rights committee for us.

Of course, you should not also deny or exclude other sensitive matters. There are certain areas where you have to respect the cultural diversity of the people. You should not take that everybody has to follow you 100 percent, because you don’t follow others 100 percent.

You’ve indicated that the 2005 Danish cartoon incident, in which Mohammed was depicted as a terrorist, was intended to incite hatred. The OIC is pushing for the UN Resolution on Defamation of Religions, which is intended to protect Islam from insult. Some critics see it as a potential international legal mechanism for censorship.

We are not for censorship. This is wrong notion, and the resolutions we’ve been submitting to the UN and will be [submitting to the] Humans Rights Council in Geneva or General Assembly don’t speak only about one religion. They speaks about religions, with “s.” So it is not only for ours. Of course we have to defend our faith. We have to defend our holy prophet, our values, and everybody, as we so respect others. We ask people to respect us, because dehumanizing, stigmatizing, insulting others is not freedom of expression at all.

There are plenty of things said in political discourse that could be construed as insulting. How do you decide what can and cannot be said?

Politics has its own rules, its own norms. This is a subject matter that doesn’t relate to our criticism or our sensitivity. In the Jyllands-Posten in my visit to Denmark, that same newspaper which published the cartoons, I said, “We are not against critique. You can criticize us as much as you like.” And there has been a literature of critique within Islam itself, otherwise all these mazhab schools of thought would not have come up. And European scholars, Russian scholars, American scholars, Muslim scholars themselves have written many books and critiques of many aspects of Islam.

The problem is that when you make a public insult by publishing demonizing cartoons, stigmatizing the Holy Prophet in a newspaper or in the TV or in the film, when you write a book, when you write an article, you challenge the feelings of 150 billion people who consider Mohammad as their holy prophet. Don’t show him as a terrorist, don’t show him in a naked way, don’t ridicule him. Like any other red line you have in any other culture. In many countries where these cartoons were published, the king or the queen or the head of state has a certain respect and nobody can criticize him or ridicule him. The same goes for the flag of the country.

In the United States, you are free to ridicule your leaders, you can burn the flag, you can desecrate any sacred object.

But in other countries it is not the case. You don’t need to ridicule Jesus Christ or to burn the Bible. This is an insult. Is burning the Quran or the Bible a sign of freedom? If I come and punch you, is it a sign of freedom? This is not ideas. There is a limit of decency. There is a limit of freedom. Your freedom ends where my freedom starts. You need freedom and responsibility. Otherwise it will be jungle.

Who decides what is sacred and what’s not sacred?

The international community decides. We are not are not encroaching on freedom of expression. We invite people to respect our values as they expect us to respect their values.

There’s a vocal anti-Muslim sentiment in the United States right now. How does this political discussion look to Muslims in the rest of the world?

These are unjustified sensitivities. That those who perpetrated 9/11 were Muslims; that is not the same as “Islam is responsible for that.” To equate them to Islam and say Islam that was the reason for that, that’s simplemindedness. They didn’t kill only Christians or Americans. There were Muslims who were killed there.

Source: Council on Foreign Relation 

Posted in Human Rights and Islam, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

OIC Human Rights Commission and the Challenges Ahead

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 1, 2012


By Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu  (Secretary General of the OIC)

With the approach of the first official session of the Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) in Jakarta, Indonesia on Feb. 20, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is embarking on a path replete with challenges, not the least of which is promoting and protecting human rights in the Muslim world.

It seemed only appropriate that a year marked by popular uprising in different parts of the Muslim world against injustice, corruption and abuse of power should conclude with the landmark establishment of a human rights commission duly equipped with a progressive vision and mandate.

The announcement of establishing the OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission at the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) in Astana, Kazakhstan in June 2011 is a milestone achievement that is part of a process for restructuring the OIC, which began in 2005 at the Extraordinary Summit in Makkah.

The historical significance of establishing the commission is derived not only from the timing but also from the foresight and commitment of the member states reflected in the decision. The statute of the commission entered into force within the considerably short time of three years after it was accorded the statutory status by the new OIC charter adopted in Senegal in 2008.

The establishment of the Commission is the start of a new journey for reform in the Muslim world, and it will most likely be a long and strenuous journey.

One of the main factors that would contribute to the success of the IPHRC is proving its credibility in the shortest time. This shall be a real and serious test for joint Islamic action in one of its most sensitive and significant aspects. This shall also reflect the seriousness of the IPHRC and its abidance by the principles of the OIC Ten-Year Program of Action (TYPOA) adopted in the Makkah Summit in 2005 and the spirit of the new OIC Charter.

The commission is launching its activities in a highly charged period of rising Islamophobia. In some sections of Western mind and media there are deep-seated misperceptions — due, in large measure, to either ignorance or deliberate misrepresentation — regarding incompatibility between Islam and human rights. We have to acknowledge that human rights violations occur in the Muslim world as in other parts of the world. It would, however, be a mistake to associate or confuse such violations with Islam. Islam was the first religion in the world that called for full equality among people regardless of their race, language, ethnic origin, social status, etc. It emphasized and enforced the concept of “rights” long before it acquired currency in modern existence.

It is in this backdrop that the 18-member commission — four of whom are women — is faced with an onerous task. However, the commission gains its confidence from the realization for the need to serve the Ummah and all humanity toward peace, harmony and coexistence. Therefore, one of its primary roles is to complement the efforts and contributions of other international organizations in this area and interact positively with them.

The commission will also turn a critical eye inward, of introspection, as a unique instrument for self-reform that helps the Ummah rectify any defects. It is meant to adopt a corrective rather than a value-judgmental approach, build capacities and provide solutions for the OIC member states in the area of human rights in a gradual and sustainable manner. Naturally, the nascent IPHRC is not expected to perform its duties in an optimal manner immediately after its establishment or do everything at the same time; so the need for prioritization is essential. It would take an incremental and progressive approach.

I sincerely hope that the commission will have the support, cooperation and encouragement it needs and deserves from the member states as well as the international community to perform its functions for the benefit of the member states and the world at large.

Finally, the establishment of the IPHRC is stemmed from a vision that takes into account the inevitability of progress. It thus counters those outdated concepts that confine the OIC to a limited frame of action ignoring the broader potentialities that should be invested in to achieve the aspirations of the billion and a half Muslims worldwide.  

Source: Arab News, Februari 16th, 2012

Posted in Human Rights and Islam, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Video: UPR Report of Algeria, 13th Universal Periodic Review 29 May 2012

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 1, 2012


 UN Webcast

UPR Report of Algeria, 13th Universal Periodic Review

Geneva, 29 May 2012
Please click following link for watch a report process in Human Rights Council UPR Session

upr-report-of-algeria-13th-universal-periodic-review.html

Posted in Algeria (Aljazair) | Leave a Comment »