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Archive for July, 2011

Assessing the Effectiveness of National Human Rights Institutions

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 30, 2011


Assessing the Effectiveness of National Human Rights Institutions

OHCHR  Report


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Assessing the Effectiveness of National Human Rights Institutions (Arabic)


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THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 30, 2011


THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS


CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS

THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

 

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Convention on the Rights of the Child

 

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

 

Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict

Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

 

 

 

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Roots of Unrest in the Arab World

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 29, 2011


Roots of Unrest in the Arab World

Reports & Analyses of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

download click here

 

Today, the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) issues its third annual report on the state of human rights in the Arab world in 2010, with a special focus on 12 countries: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, Syria, Lebanon, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Yemen.

The report is entitled Roots of Unrest, speaking to the distinctive popular revolutions sweeping across the Arab world, which have thus far toppled two of the most entrenched police dictatorships in the region, in Egypt and Tunisia, and is striking at the seats of other dictatorships in Libya and Yemen. The uprising is also compellingly imposing the need for serious, far-reaching reforms in several states, particularly Morocco, Bahrain, and Algeria, and is having repercussions in Syria, where people are living under a tyrannical regime that barely permits its citizens to breathe.

A thorough review of the report reveals that the primary roots of unrest in the Arab world are:

• A large-scale deterioration in the state of human rights, even in those countries that were, or still are, characterized by a level of ostensible political “stability.”

• A lack of political will among the Arab regimes to advance the status of human rights in their countries.

• Stagnant legislatures: Arab regimes have preserved an endless supply of legislation hostile to human rights, that is used to discipline and harass their opponents and prosecute reformists, human rights defenders, and advocates. This report notes some developments on the legislative front in 2010, mostly introduced to further restrict and suppress liberties, particularly in Egypt, Tunisia, and Sudan.

• The perpetuation of an authoritarian approach to entrench impunity and immunity for gross human rights violations.

• The use of states of emergency and counterterrorism laws to justify serious crimes, including extrajudicial killings, abductions and involuntary disappearances, arbitrary arrests, torture, and unfair trials, particularly in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Syria, Bahrain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia.

• The continuation of policies that cement and perpetuate absolute rule or hereditary succession, such as in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen; or secure systematic ethnic or sectarian social and economic discrimination and political exclusion, such as in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.

• The falsification of citizens’ will through rigged general elections. This report documents the contemptible practices of the Mubarak regime in administering the so-called parliamentary “elections” for the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council that were to precede the presidential elections of 2011. In the run-up to elections, the regime launched an unprecedented campaign of suppression that included incitement to kill demonstrators, the abduction of political activists, and a crackdown on media and new technologies for information dissemination. The situation differed little in Bahrain, where parliamentary elections were preceded by the widespread detention of hundreds of people, among them prominent political opposition figures and human rights defenders. Many of the detainees were brutally tortured before being referred to trial under the counterterrorism law.

General elections in Sudan were also conducted in a repressive climate that continued even after the vote. Election outcomes in Sudan were rigged by manipulating the census and gerrymandering electoral districts. There was open voter fraud, and the population of South and West Darfur were unable to vote, while violence and chaos prevented elections from taking place at all in several districts.

• Blocking outlets for peaceful expression by placing pressure on freedom of expression and the media, both traditional and new, especially in Yemen, Egypt, Sudan, and Bahrain. Morocco continued its policy of stifling the press, especially on issues relating to the King, the royal family, Islam, or the Western Sahara conflict.

• As for the regime of the now deposed Ben Ali in Tunisia, it continued its absolute confiscation of media freedoms and deployed the capacities of the police state to harass journalists and prosecute them on false charges. Various human rights defenders and political activists, as well as trade unionists, were placed under close surveillance and endured various forms of harassment and physical assault. Indeed, the media, totally dominated by the state, launched smear campaigns against many of these activists.

In Syria, the regime maintained its hostility and intolerance for freedom of expression and towards political activists and human rights defenders in general. The regime’s hostility was also particularly apparent when it came to the rights of the Kurdish minority. Yet, the regime of Ali Abdullah Saleh in Yemen surpassed even the Syrian regime over the course of last year, sending dozens of journalists to trial, where most of them received harsh prison terms and had their professional credentials revoked. Newspaper offices were stormed by state security, and several journalists were targets for physical attacks or assassination attempts. Both journalists and human rights defenders faced abductions, temporary disappearances, and torture, while some were then referred to exceptional courts lacking all due-process guarantees.

• The grave assault on the right to equality and freedom from religious or ethnic discrimination; especially in Bahrain against the Shiite majority; and in Egypt against Copts, Nubians, and the Bedouin residents of Sinai.

• The international community’s fading concern with human rights and democracy in the Arab region. Indeed, both the United States and the European Union increasingly allowed expediency and interests with authoritarian regimes trump the protection of human rights and the push for progress on democratic reform

Human rights in armed conflicts

Following the methodology and logic of the first two annual reports, this report devotes special attention to the status of human rights during occupations or armed conflicts.

The report notes that Palestinians remain the targets of egregious abuses, both due to the Israeli occupation and the Fatah-Hamas conflict. Israeli crimes, most notably the use of collective punishment the siege of the Gazan population as well as the imposed blockade on Gaza continued. Last year, Israel attacked the Freedom Flotilla, a convoy ship attempting to bring in humanitarian aid to the Gaza Strip. Israel also continued to implement measures to Judaicize Jerusalem, further entrench settlements, and enforce apartheid, as well as maintain its policy of extrajudicial killings.

The ongoing conflict between Fatah and Hamas was accompanied by the politicization of rights and liberties, which were routinely violated on the basis of political affiliation. Authorities in both the West Bank and Gaza were involved in wide-ranging abuses against their perceived opponents, including arbitrary detentions, torture, crackdowns on freedom of assembly, NGOs, and human rights organizations, in addition to harassment of journalists and media workers.

Iraq remained the theater of the most lethal violence in the Arab world, which claimed nearly 4,000 lives in just ten months. Religious and ethnic minorities were constant targets for violence and random killing as a result of the dominance of extremist religious discourses and groups in Iraqi political and cultural life.

Hundreds of civilians were killed in military operations against Houthis in Saada, in northern Yemen, as Saudi Arabia joined combat operations on the side of the Yemeni army. The report also documents how the Yemeni authorities have used the war on terror as a pretext to launch military campaigns against the southern provinces, whose residents are involved in widespread protest against the policies of marginalization and exclusion and the ongoing repression of southern citizens.

The report further discusses the political crisis in Lebanon, as well as the sectarian divisions and the parallel power structure of the country, which has eroded significant elements of the rule of law. The institutions of governance and the judicial and security apparatus are unable to assume their responsibilities under pressure from Hizbullah, which uses its “weapons of resistance” to intimidate internal opponents in order to block justice in the case of the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq al-Hariri and the subsequent series of assassinations and bombings.

As for armed conflicts in Sudan, they continued to exacerbate human suffering and humanitarian crises in several areas and entailed the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people and the death of many. As grave human rights abuses continued to go unpunished in many Arab states, the Sudanese regime was able to successfully circumvent the demands of international justice for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide in Darfur. At the same time, the international community failed to assume its responsibility for supporting the execution of arrest warrants issued by the International Criminal Court for President Omar al-Bashir and others accused of gross human rights violations.

In the same context, Israel practiced impunity for its crimes last year, not only due to the immunity afforded by the unwillingness of the US and Europe to hold the Israeli state accountable, but, as documented in the report, due to common interests and political calculations between Israel, the Palestinian Authority, and Hamas. These common interests obstructed the referral of crimes committed during the Israeli attack on Gaza in December 2008 to the International Criminal Court.

Finally, the CIHRS hopes, as it releases its third annual report at this decisive moment for the peoples of this region, that the report can shed additional light on the paths that the Arab people took in order to deepen the gains of the revolutionary moment and make a clean break with authoritarianism, the monopolization of power, and the lack of accountability for violations of human dignity. CIHRS also hopes that Roots of Unrest will sound a warning for some states and encourage their ruling elites to take the initiative – before it is too late -to adopt far-reaching reforms that meet popular aspirations for freedom and human dignity and a secure transition to democracy.

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OIC Secretary General Condemns the Assassination of Kandahar Mayor

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 29, 2011


OIC Secretary General Condemns the Assassination of Kandahar Mayor

 27/07/2011

The Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, has strongly condemned the brutal assassination of Ghulam Haidar Hameedi, Mayor of Kandahar, Afghanistan in a suicide attack.

The Secretary General offered his sincere condolences to the family of the deceased, the Government and to the people of Afghanistan over the loss which he said was a cowardice and criminal act that runs contrary to the spirit and teachings of Islam.

Prof. Ihsanoglu reiterated his appeal for an end to the senseless cycle of violence in Afghanistan and emphasized the need for national reconciliation.

 

 

 

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OKI Buka Hubungan Baru Islam dan HAM

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 26, 2011


SOSIALISASI IPHRC:

OKI Buka Hubungan Baru Islam dan HAM

 

Jakarta, Kompas – Dibentuknya Komisi Hak Asasi Manusia yang permanen dalam Organisasi Kerja Sama Islam (OKI) adalah peluang untuk mendiskusikan lagi hubungan antara hak asasi manusia dan nilai-nilai Islam.

 

 

Selanjutnya lihat Harian Kompas (Cetak), Sabtu, 23 Juli 2011, rubrik Internasional

 

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OIC Secretary General holds bilateral meeting with US Secretary of State on Resolution 16/18

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 25, 2011


OIC Secretary General holds bilateral meeting with US Secretary of State on Resolution 16/18

16/07/2011

The OIC Secretary General Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu and the US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton had a one-on-one, bilateral meeting on July 15, 2011 at the IRCICA Headquarters before the commencement of the Ministerial Meeting on UN Human Rights Council Resolution 16/18.

During the bilateral meeting, the two sides had a free and frank exchange of views on a variety of international issues. Mrs. Clinton expressed the firm commitment of the US government to further strengthen cooperation with OIC in addressing the issue of intolerance, discrimination and violence based on religion or belief and for the implementation of UN HRC 16/18.

 

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OIC Secretary General Condemns Terrorist Attacks in Norway

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 25, 2011


OIC Secretary General Condemns Terrorist Attacks in Norway

23/07/2011

The Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, has expressed shock and horror at the terrorist attacks in Norway on 22nd July 2011.

Prof. Ihsanoglu strongly condemned the sad incidents and offered his condolences to the families of the victims, the Government and the people of Norway over this tragedy.

The Secretary General reiterated the principled position of the OIC against all forms of terrorism and urged the international community to remain steadfast in combating this phenomenon.

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Commissioner of OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 25, 2011


 

Elected on 38th Foreign Minister Conference, Astana-Kazakhstan, June 28-29,  2011 (from 3 regions: Asia, Africa and Arab region)

  1. Mr. Wael Attiya (Mesir)
  2. Mr. Mohammed Raisouni (Maroko)
  3. Dr. Saleh bin Mohammed al-Khatlan (Saudi Arabia)
  4. Mahmoud al-Aker (Palestina)
  5. Elham Ibrahim Ahmed Mohamed (Sudan)
  6. Adel Issa Al-Mahry (UEA)
  7. Ousman Diao Balde (Guinea)
  8. Mohamed Kawu Ibrahim (Nigeria)
  9. Med. S.K. Kaggwa (Uganda)
  10. Mohammed Lamine Timbo (Sierra Leone)
  11. Mohammad al-Bashir Ibrahim (Chad)
  12. Oumar Abiu Abba (Kamerun)
  13. Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin (Indonesia)
  14. Raihana Abdullah (Malaysia)
  15. Abdul Wahab (Pakistan)
  16. Zuhtu Arslan (Turkey)
  17. Mostafa Alaei (Iran)
  18. Asila Wardak (Afghanistan)

 

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Egypt (Mesir)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Egypt

Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Egypt and UN Charter-based Bodies

Egypt and UN Treaty Bodies

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United Arab Emirates (Uni Emirat Arab)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


United Arab Emirates (Uni Emirat Arab)

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Saudi Arabia

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Saudi Arabia

Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Saudi Arabia and UN Charter-based Bodies

Saudi Arabia and UN Treaty Bodies

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Malaysia

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Malaysia

Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Malaysia and UN Charter-based Bodies

Malaysia and UN Treaty Bodies

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Indonesia

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Indonesia

Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Indonesia and UN Charter-based Bodies

Indonesia and UN Treaty Bodies

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Algeria (Aljazair)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Algeria

Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Algeria and UN Charter-based Bodies

Algeria and UN Treaty Bodies

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Ratify of the UN Treaty Bodies by OIC Member States

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Ratify of the UN Treaty Bodies by OIC Member States

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REPORT STATUS BY COUNTRY (UN Mechanism of Human Rights)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Report Status by Country on UN Mechanism of Human Rights (Treaty Bodies)

see more: http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/NewhvVAllSPRByCountry?OpenView&Start=1&Count=250&Expand=1#1

Afganistan  Albania Aljazair Arab  Saudi Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Benin Brunei Burkina Faso Chad  Djibouti Gabon Gambia Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Indonesia Irak  Iran Kamerun Kazakhstan Kirgizstan Komoro Kuwait Lebanon Libya Maladewa Malaysia Mali Maroko Mauritania Mesir Mozambik Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestina Pantai Gading Qatar Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia Sudan Suriah Suriname Tajikistan Togo Tunisia Turki Turkmenistan Uganda Uni Emirat Arab Uzbekistan Yaman Yordania

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STANDING COMMITTEES

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


STANDING COMMITTEES 

   In order to advance issues of critical importance to the Organization and its Member States, the Organization has formed the following Standing Committees:

1. Al Quds Committee

– Bayt Mal Al Quds Agency

2. Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC)

3. Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC)

 4. Standing Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH)

_________________
1. ALQUDS COMMITTEE
 
Establishment:
The Committee was established pursuant to resolution 1/6-P adopted by 6th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from 12-15 July 1975.
Objectives:
(a) To follow-up the implementation of resolutions adopted by the Islamic Conference and by other international organizations that support or are in line with the Conference position; to liaise with other bodies, and to offer to Member States proposals it deems appropriate on implementation of resolutions, achieving their objectives, and on taking steps on developments that may arise within these terms of reference.   
(b)   To implement all the resolutions on the Arab-Israeli conflict in view of the fundamental connection between the Al-Quds question and the conflict.
Membership:
The Islamic Conference of Information Ministers elects members of the Committee for three renewable years. Members of the Committee are the following:
1.      Kingdom of Morocco
2.      Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3.      Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
4.      Republic of Iraq
5.      Syrian Arab Republic
6.      State of Palestine
7.      Republic of Lebanon
8.      Islamic Republic of Mauritania
9.      Arab Republic of Egypt
10.   People’s Republic of Bangladesh
11.   Islamic Republic of Pakistan
12.   Islamic Republic of Iran
13.   Republic of Indonesia
14.   Republic of Senegal
15.   Republic of Niger
16.   Republic of Guinea
_______________
Meetings:
The Committee convenes its meetings upon invitation of its chairman or the majority of its members. The meeting is considered a regular meeting when attended by the majority. The General Secretariat provides all facilities necessary to carry out its work.
Chairmanship:
The Committee is chaired by His Majesty King of Morocco.
Headquarters:
Rabat- Kingdom of Morocco
Correspondence Address:
General Secretariat of the
Organization of the Islamic Conference
P.O. Box 178
Jeddah 21411
Saudi Arabia
An agency known as Bayt Mal al-Quds agency has been created as an affiliate of the Al-Quds Committee.
_______________
BAYT MAL AL QUDS AGENCY
 
Establishment:
The creation of BAYT MAL AL QUDS AGENCY was the initiative of His Majesty the late King Hassan II, King of Morocco (May Allah grant him mercy), who presented the idea to the Al-Quds Committee during its 15th session in Ifrane, Kingdom of Morocco in 1995. The idea was presented to the 23rd Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Conakry, Republic of Guinea from 9-13 December 1995, where it was decided that the BAYT MAL AL QUDS AGENCY be created. The Agency was granted its statute, and later received its final legal status when its first director was appointed and allowed the official commencement of its activities on 30 July 1998.
The agency held its first meeting on 14 February 2000 under the high auspices of His Majesty King Muhammad VI, the King of Morocco, chairman of the Al-Quds Committee and in the presence of the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
Objectives: 
           
–         To salvage the city of Al Quds Al Sharif (Jerusalem);
–         To extend assistance to the Palestinian population and Palestinian institutions in the holy capital;
–         To safeguard and restore the Al Aqsa Mosque and other holy sites in the city as well the city’s cultural, religious, cultural and architectural heritage.
 
Management:
The agency is managed by three bodies as follows:
–         An administrative board composed of the Finance Ministers of Member States in the Al Quds Committee.
–         Trusteeship Committee composed of Foreign Affairs Ministers of five Member States in the Al Quds Committee, two of whom are permanent members: the Foreign Ministers of the Kingdom of Morocco and the State of Palestine.
–         Director General of the agency.
Resources:
          The agency’s revenue are derived from the following sources:
–         Voluntary contributions from the OIC Member States.
–         Gifts and donations from public and private bodies, such as charitable societies, Arab, Islamic and friendly communities, companies and individuals.
–         Returns from the agency’s assets, properties, projects, shares and products.
Address:
63, Av. Moulay Youssef
Immeubel ADRIANA, 8em etage
20000-Casablanca
P.O.B: 16014.
Morocco
Phone: (212 2) 49.04.06 / 82
Fax:     (212 2) 49.05.16
______________________________________________________________________________
2.STANDING COMMITTEE FOR INFORMATION AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS (COMIAC) 

Establishment:
This ministerial committee was established pursuant to resolution 13/3 – P (IS) adopted by the Third Islamic Summit Conference, held in Makkah Al Mukaramah and Taif Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in January 1981. This followed the desire of the Conference to give information and culture in the Islamic Ummah a fresh beginning so as to acquaint international public opinion with the noble causes of the Islamic Ummah, in particular with the question of Palestine and AL Quds Al Sharif. It is also intended to confront unfair campaigns against Islam and Muslims. The duties of the Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs include following up the implementation of resolutions adopted by the Islamic Conference within its term of reference; searching for ways to promote  cooperation between Member States in the areas of information and communication; and preparing programmes and proposals that could enhance the capabilities of states in these areas.
The committee has met five times as of December 1999 under the chairmanship of the Senegalese president Abdou Diof. During the sessions it has demonstrated the will power of Islamic States and their joint determination to mobilize all resources and energy in order to safeguard the unity of the Islamic Ummah and its cultural specificity.
.
Chairmanship:
The committee is chaired by His Excellency the President of the Republic of Senegal.
.
Headquarters:
Dakar, Republic of Senegal
Membership:
Member States of the Organization of the Islamic Conference
 
Address:
              General Secretariat
              Organization of the Islamic Conference
              P.O. Box 178
              Jeddah 21411
              Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
______________________________________________________________________
3. STANDING COMMITTEE FOR ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIAL COOPERATION (COMCEC)
 
Establishment:
This ministerial committee was established pursuant to resolution 13/3-P (IS) adopted by the 3rd Islamic Summit Conference held in Makkah al Mukarammah and Taif in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in January 1981.
Function:
The committee follows up the implementation of resolutions in the economic and trade fields, explores possible means of strengthening cooperation among the Member States, and prepares programmes and proposals capable of improving capacities in these areas.
Chairmanship:
The committee is chaired by H.E. the president of the Republic of Turkey
Headquarters:
Ankara, Turkey
Membership:
Member States of the Organization of the Islamic Conference
ADDRESS:
COMCEC Coordination office,
NECATIBEY CAD. 108,
ANKARA, Turkey
Phone: 90-312-294 55 10
Fax:     90-312-294 55 77
__________________________________________________________________________________________
4. STANDING COMMITTEE FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION (COMSTECH)

Establishment:
This ministerial committee was established in January 1981 pursuant to resolution 13/3 –P (IS) adopted by the 3rd Islamic Summit Conference held in Makkah al Mukarammah and Taif in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
 
Function:
The Committee follows up the resolutions in the fields of science and technology. It also studies possible means of strengthening cooperation among the OIC Member States, as well as prepares programmes and proposals capable of improving Member States’ capacities in these areas.
Chairmanship:
This Committee is chaired by H.E. the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Headquarters:
Islamabad, Islamic Republic of Pakistan
 
Membership:
Member States of the Organization of the Islamic Conference
Address:
COMSTECH SECRETARIAT, 3
Constitution Avenue, Sector G-5/2
Islamabad 44000
Pakistan
Tel: 220681-3
Fax: 92-51-220265
Telex: 54349 COMST Pak
Telegram: COMSTECH

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AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS

DEFINITION
Membership to these institutions is optional and open to institutions and organs of OIC Member States. Their budgets are independent of the budget of the Secretariat General and those of subsidiary and specialized organs. They were established under the auspices of the Islamic Conference of Heads of State and Government or the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers. Affiliated institutions may be granted observer status by virtue of a resolution of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers. They may obtain voluntary assistance from the subsidiary and specialized organs as well as from Member States.

  1. Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI)
  2. Organization of Islamic Capitals and Cities (OICC)
  3. Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation (ISSF)
  4. Islamic Committee of the International Crescent (ICIC)
  5. World Federation of Arabo-Islamic International Schools (WFAIIS)
  6. Organization of the Islamic Shipowners Association (OISA)
  7. Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC)
  8. International Union of Muslim Scouts (IUMS)
  9. Federation of Consultants from Islamic Countries (FCIC)
  10. Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
  11. General Council for Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions (CIBAFI)
  12. Federation of Contractors from Islamic Countries (FOCIC)
  13. OIC Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT)
  14. Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries (SMIIC)

ISLAMIC CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (ICCI)
ESTABLISHMENT
The Seventh Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in May 1976 in Istanbul­, Turkey put forward the idea to establish the Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The idea was approved by the First Conference of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry held in October 1977 in Istanbul, after which its Constitution was adopted by the Second Conference of Chambers of Commerce and Industry held in December 1978 in Karachi, Pakistan.

The Islamic Chamber is an affiliated organ of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) and represents the private sector of 57 member countries. It aims at strengthening closer collaboration in the field of trade, commerce, information technology, insurance/reinsurance, shipping, banking, promotion of investment opportunities and joint ventures in the member countries. Its membership is comprised of the National Chambers/Unions/Federations of Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the member countries.

OBJECTIVES
1)    Ethical objectives:

  • To revive ethical value in trade transactions.
  • To disseminate awareness of Islamic economics.
  • To deepen solidarity and fraternity.
  • To disseminate Arabic language.

2)    Practical objectives:

  • Development of labor exchange volumes.
  • Development of volume of tourism.
  • Augmentation of investments volume.
  • Increase of trade exchange volume.
  • Increasing national production.
  • Developing educational curriculum according to market needs and development requirements.
  • To give due attention to media industry jointly between Muslim and non-Muslim.
  • To give due attention to studies, research and to encourage innovations and inventions.
  • To embrace aspirations of the Ummah youth and open business opportunities for them.

3)    General objectives:

  • To coordinate and cooperate with the Organization of Islamic Conference and its related Institutions to accomplish the Islamic solidarity to face the threats against Islamic nation.
  • To encourage cooperation for settlement of mutual agreements among economic organizations and associations of the Islamic countries.
  • Fostering relations with international organizations.
  • Encouraging cooperation in Islamic banking business and facilitate capital mobility.
  • Settlement of industrial and trade disputes through arbitration.
  • To organize conferences, lectures and forums that would serve member countries and enhance coordination among them.
  • To strengthen the connections with the international organizations such as the UN and its specialized Institutions and international trade organizations with the objective of strengthening the role of the private sector in the socio-economic development process.
  • To create business oriented resources, including establishment of Private Waqf Fund “endowment”, and trade financing portfolios with the objective of enhancing the Intra-Islamic trade. And to organize trade fairs and exhibitions for promoting goods and services, in order to maintain a stable and constant source of income to the ICCI and to benefit from the revenues of the proposed Waqf for supporting projects aimed at developing the Muslim communities and minorities and to serve the objectives of the Islamic Chamber.
  • To establish forums of the Muslim Businessmen in the Islamic countries and in the Muslim communities and minorities worldwide with definition for its duties and privileges.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters of the ICCI is in Karachi, Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

ADDRESS
Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry
St.2/A, Block 9, Clifton, P.O.Box:3831
Karachi-75600, Pakistan
Tel:  (9221) 5874910, 5874756, 5830646
Fax:  (9221) 5874212, 5870765
Email:   icci@icci-oic.org
Website: http://www.icci-oic.org


ORGANIZATION OF ISLAMIC CAPITALS AND CITIES (OICC)
ESTABLISHMENT
The OICC was established as an organization affiliated to the Organization of the Islamic Conference by the virtue of the Resolution No. (9/9-P) issued by the 9th Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Dakar, Republic of Senegal on 17/5/1398 H (24/4/1978). The 10th Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Fez, Kingdom of Morocco on 10/6/1399 H (8/3/1979) endorsed the draft of the Organization’s constitution by the virtue of the Resolution No. (25/10-P).

The Organization was officially established in 1400 H (1980) under the name “Organization of Islamic Capitals” by the virtue of a resolution issued by the Organization’s 1st General Conference held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah on 11-12 Rabi Awal 1400 H (29-30 January 1980) where the Organization’s constitution was ratified, and the Organization’s Administrative Council and Secretary General were elected. Hence the Organization’s name was amended to the current name “Organization of Islamic Capitals and Cities” by the virtue of the resolution No. (5/2 G) issued by the Organization 2nd General Conference held in Islamabad during the period from 14 to 16 Jumada Al-Thani 1402 H (8-10 April 1982).

OBJECTIVES

  1. Preserve the identity and heritage of Islamic capitals and cities.
  2. Achieve and enhance sustainable development in member capitals and cities and establish and develop comprehensive urban norms, systems and plans that would serve the growth and prosperity of Islamic capitals and cities for the promotion of their cultural, environmental, urban, economic and social conditions.
  3. Promote the levels of services and municipal utilities in Islamic capitals and cities.
  4. Enhance and promote capacity building programs for Islamic capitals and cities.
  5. Consolidate cordiality, brotherhood, and friendship among Islamic capitals and cities, support and coordinate the scope of cooperation between them.

HEADQUARTERS
Its headquarters is located in the holy capital ‘Makkah Al-Mukarramah’, and the offices of its General Secretariat are located in the city of Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 13621, Jeddah 21414
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel:      +966 2 6981953
Fax:     +966 2 6981053
Email: webmaster@oicc.org
Website: http://www.oicc.org


ISLAMIC SOLIDARITY SPORTS FEDERATION (ISSF)
ESTABLISHMENT
By virtue of Resolution No.17/11-C of the Eleventh Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Islamabad, Pakistan, in May 1980 (1400H) and Resolution No.7/3-C of the Third Islamic Summit held in Makkah Al Mukarramah/Taif in January 1981 (1401H) of the Third Islamic Summit Conference, it was decided to establish the “Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation”. It was formally established on 6 May 1985.

OBJECTIVES

  1. To strengthen Islamic solidarity among youth in Member States and promote Islamic identity in the fields of sports.
  2. To inculcate the principles of non-discrimination as to religion, race or color, in conformity with the precepts of Islam.
  3. To reinforce the bonds of unity, amity and fraternity among youth in Member States.
  4. To introduce OIC goals to the youth in the Member States.
  5. To encourage member NOCs to unify stances in Olympic, international, continental and regional conferences and meetings; and to cooperate with all international and continental sports institutions and organizations.
  6. To boost cooperation among Member States on matters of common interest in all fields of sports activities.
  7. To preserve sports principles and to promote the Olympic sports movements in the Muslim world.
  8. To encourage the spirit of sportsmanship, principles of fair play and non-violent behavior in sports events.
  9. To respect the issues of environment in sports facilities.
  10. To join the campaign against doping in sports.
  11. To support the principles of peace and the related efforts in the field of sports all over the world.
  12. To pay due attention to sport education, health and recreation.
  13. To encourage sports tourism.
  14. To promote the sports culture.
  15. To develop woman sports in line with the teachings of Islam.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters of the Federation is in Prince Faisal Bin Fahd Olympic Complex in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS 
P.O. Box 330999, Riyadh 11373
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel : (+966 1) 480 9253 / 480 8986
Fax : (+966 1) 482 2145
Email: issf@awalnet.net.sa


ISLAMIC COMMITTEE FOR THE INTERNATIONAL CRESCENT (ICIC)
DEFINITION
The Islamic Committee for the International Crescent is a specialized institution of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.  It helps to alleviate the sufferings caused by natural disaster and war.

ESTABLISHMENT
The Eighth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in May 1977, at Tripoli (Libya), approved the principle of creation of this institution.

OBJECTIVES
This organ is designed:

  • To provide medical assistance and to alleviate the sufferings caused by natural catastrophes and man-made disasters.
  • To offer all necessary assistance within its possibilities, to international and local organizations, serving humanity.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters of the Committee is in Benghazi, the Great Libyan People’s Arab Socialist Jamahiriya.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 17434, Benghazi
Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Tel : 95824 – 95823 / 61 – 00218
Telex : 40060
Fax : 95823 – 95829 /  61 – 00218


ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC SHIPOWNERS ASSOCIATION (OISA)
ESTABLISHMENT
The Third Islamic Summit Conference held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah/Taif (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) (Resolution 4/3 IS) decided to set up the Association and approved its Statute. It is an affiliated institution of the OIC.

OBJECTIVES
To coordinate and unify the efforts of the members in realizing cooperation among the maritime companies, in Member States, to maximize profit.
To encourage members to set up joint maritime companies and shipping lines between Member States.
To establish contact between the Islamic world and other countries within an integrated maritime network.
To develop periodical and regular freight and passenger voyages between Islamic and other countries.
To assist in drawing up a unified policy for the Islamic maritime transporters.
To conduct studies and research in the various disciplines of maritime transport.

HEADQUARTERS
The Association has its headquarters in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 14900 Jeddah 21434, KSA.
Tel: (+966-2) 663 7882 – 665 3379
Fax :  (+966-2) 660 4920
Email: oisa@sbm.net.sa ; mail@oisaonline.com
Website: http://www.oisaonline.com


WORLD FEDERATION OF ARABO-ISLAMIC INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS (WFAIIS)
ESTABLISHMENT
The Federation’s constituent Conference was held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, on 26th Rabi Al-Awwal 1396AH (March 26, 1976). The project was approved by the 7th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Istanbul, Turkey, in May 1976, Resolution No. 7/18-AF.

OBJECTIVES
The Federation represents the Arab-Islamic Schools all over the world and seeks to support and assist them.

The Federation also works for the dissemination of Islamic culture and the teaching of Arabic, the language of the Holy Quran, by extending support to the schools and cultural centers, and by training personnel and developing cooperation among the institutions endeavoring to spread Arabic language and Islamic culture all over the world as well as by creating sponsoring supervisory Arab-Islamic Schools.

HEADQUARTERS
The Federation Headquarters is in Cairo, Egypt. It has Regional Offices in Madinah (Saudi Arabia), Peshawar (Pakistan), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).

ADDRESSES
Head Office: Nasr City – tenth-dist.-Block38-Area1-flat2
Cairo – Egypt
Telefax: (+20-2) 24728217  Mobile 0020107322696
Saudi Branch: P.O. Box 3787
Madinah – Saudi Arabia
Fax: (+966-4) 848-0271  ,  8485542
Email:   tshawi@hotmail.com
Website: www.wfais.org


ISLAMIC CONFERENCE YOUTH FORUM FOR DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION (ICYF-DC)
Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC) was granted with the status of institution affiliated to the OIC by the virtue of the resolution N3/32-C adopted by the 32nd session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Sana’a, Yemen on 28-30 June 2005. In accordance with the resolution N 15/31-C adopted by the 31st session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held on 14-16 June 2004 in Istanbul, Turkey the ICYF-DC was established at its Founding General Assembly held in Baku, Azerbaijan on 1 – 3 December 2004.

The ICYF-DC is aimed at coordination youth activities in the OIC countries. The Forum pursue its activities in five major fields: advocacy of youth interests, supporting sustainable development, promoting formal and non-formal education, strengthening moral values of young generation and engaging in the dialogue among cultures and civilizations. The Forum consists of 35 leading national and 6 international youth organizations. The ICYF-DC’s highest decision- making body is its General Assembly. It elects 9-member Board, President and Secretary General of the Forum.

ICYF-DC Headquarters are resided in Istanbul at the Istanbul World Trade Center.

Headquarters:
Address: Istanbul World Trade Center A3 Block, 7th Floor
341149, Airport – Istanbul – Turkey
Tel: (+90 212) 465 39 39

Regional Office in Baku:
Address: AZ 1001, Sabail district, Jafarov Gardashlari Street 16
Baku – Azerbaijan
Tel: (+99 412) 492 11 52
Fax: (+99 412) 492 21 67
Email: office@icyf.com – secretary_general@icyf.com – oicyouthforum@yahoo.com
Website: http://www.icyf.com


INTERNATIONAL UNION OF MUSLIM SCOUTS (IUMS)
The International Union of Muslim Scouts (IUMS) is an autonomous body having scouts bodies and associations representing Muslim Scouts all over the world. It is recognized by the following bodies:

  1. The 7th Islamic Summit Conference, held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11 to 15 Rajab 1415H (13-15 December 1995), Resolution No. 5/7-ORG(IS).
  2. The World Organization of the Scout Movement in its conference in Bangkok in 1993.
  3. International Islamic Council for Da’wa and Relief in its conference in 1416H, Cairo.
  4. The Royal approval of the Custodian of Two Holy Mosques, King Fahad Ibn Abdul Aziz to host IUMS in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (No. 9/B 14886 dated 17/9/1420H).
  5. The World Assembly of Muslim Youth.

OBJECTIVES

  • To develop an education curriculum that should contribute to structure and build the spiritual dimension in the personalities of Young Muslims.
  • To motivate and promote Islamic scouting on global basis.
  • To extend coordination and cooperation among IUMS members.
  • To promote and coordinate social, humanitarian and relief activities within the Union or in cooperation with non-scout organization of similar nature.
  • To introduce Islamic scouting in such states where Muslims are residing.
  • To develop and promote the spirit of brotherhood and understanding among Muslim Scouts.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 9141 Jeddah 21413
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel: (+966-2) 667-8833
Fax: (+966-2) 667-3762
Email: iums92@yahoocom


FEDERATION OF CONSULTANTS FROM ISLAMIC COUNTRIES (FCIC)
The Federation of Consultants from Islamic Countries (FCIC) strives to be the premier platform for consultants and consulting firms from the Islamic countries to galvanize their efforts and channel their energies and creativity to help in the development of the Ummah.

ESTABLISHMENT
It was officially established in 1986 in Istanbul.

OBJECTIVES

  1. To assist in the development of consultancy services in the Islamic Countries and to encourage the various disciplines in the profession to attain a high degree of proficiency and competence
  2. Strengthening the bond between consultants and implementing mechanism for communication and experience transfer between them.
  3. Providing information and necessary data about consultants and development projects available in the Islamic World and their funding resources.
  4. Setting rules for preserving the code of ethics and the standard of the profession.
  5. Arranging with international, regional, and local organizations, workshops and seminars dealing with problems of common interest in the Islamic countries.
  6. To stimulate cooperation and relationship among its members.
  7. To establish a mechanism for a systematic exchange of information, technology, and expertise.
  8. To undertake, encourage and facilitate the conduct of studies on problems of common interest.
  9. To inform its members about consultancy assignments or possibilities of participation in various projects and programmes financed by development finance institutions, and particularly, by the Islamic Development Bank.
  10. To promote ethical standards and ensure their observance by its members.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters is in Istanbul, Turkey.

ADDRESS
c/o Dr. Bulent Tarcan Sok. No: 10 K:4
Fulya Mahallesi 34394 Gayrettepe
Istanbul
Turkey
Tel: (+90 216) 388 08 61
Fax: (+90 216) 388 08 61
Email: info@fcic-org.com
Website: http://www.fcic-org.com


ISLAMIC WORLD ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (IAS)

ESTABLISHMENT
The Islamic World Academy of Sciences (founded as the Islamic Academy of Sciences) was established in 1986, following a proposal by the Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC); which was approved by the 1984 Casablanca Summit Conference of the OIC.

The Academy Secretariat, which is based in Amman, is the IAS executive arm responsible for maintaining its institutional set-up and implementing its plan of action. Through its Secretariat, the IAS has implemented regular and ad hoc programmes that address development issues, with the aim of formulating remedial policies that can be adopted by developing countries in their quest to achieve their development objectives.

OBJECTIVES
The IAS main purposes are: to serve as a consultative organization of the Islamic Ummah in the field of science and technology (S&T); initiate science and technology programmes and formulate standards of scientific performance; promote research on major problems facing the Islamic countries, and to award prizes and honours for outstanding scientific achievements in science and technology.

Organizational structure: The Academy is a sovereign body governed by a General Assembly, in which all its (102 at present) Fellows are member, and is managed by an 11-member Council which is elected by the General Assembly for a 4-year term of office.

Major current activities: A major activity of the IAS is the convening of international scientific conferences –each of which is held in a different country every year and supported academically and financially by many international agencies. The Academy has thus far organized fifteen such conferences which addressed serious issues confronting the Third World. The Academy publishes annually the proceedings of these conferences, and also publishes a quarterly refereed science journal ‘Medical Journal of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences’(ISSN-l016-3360). The IAS also organizes and supports capacity-building specialised workshops in Basic Sciences in developing countries, and provides experts and consultants in S&T to developing countries wherever requested.

The Academy publishes books on Islam’s contribution to science, a twice yearly Newsletter, as well as monographs on a variety of contemporary topics.

Cooperative programmes: The Academy has Memoranda of Understanding with the following academies: Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, the TWAS, ISESCO, RSS (Jordan). The Academy also undertakes regular activities with the COMSTECH, UNESCO, ISESCO, IDB as well as the World Bank.

For the current biennium: the IAS is providing advice to OIC and developing countries in the domain of Transformational Technologies: Information Technology; Biotechnology; and Nanotechnology. The IAS is also involved in a long term project to upgrade some selected universities in the OIC.

IAS is also actively promoting Vision 1441 which represents a set of targets that OIC Member States are urged to achieve by the year 2020 (corresponding to 1441 in Hijri Calendar).

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters is in Amman, Jordan.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 830036, Zahran, Amman, 11183
Jordan
Tel: (+962 6) 552-2104; 552-3385
Fax: (+962 6) 551-1803
EMail: ias@go.com.jo; secretariat@ias-worldwide.org
Website: http://www.ias-worldwide.org


OIC Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT)

The OIC-CERT was granted the status of OIC Affiliated Institution by virtue of Resolution INF-36/2 adopted by the 36th Session of the CFM held in Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic,

The OIC-CERT was established by virtue of Resolution INF 35/3 adopted by the 35th Session of the CFM inKampala. In collaboration with Cyber Security Malaysia, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation inMalaysia, the 1st OIC-CERT Annual General Meeting was held inKuala Lumpur,Malaysia, on 14-15 January 2009. The meeting was attended by experts representing Information Security Specialised Institutions from 14 OIC Member States (Brunei,Egypt,Indonesia,Iran,Jordan,Libya,Malaysia,Morocco,Nigeria,Oman,Pakistan,Saudi Arabia,Syria andTunisia). During the Meeting the participants discussed the issues of legal, administrative and technical arrangements for the establishment of the Team, Terms of Reference Document including objectives, administrative structure, activities, Team membership conditions, the possibility of expanding the Team membership to include more Member States, ways of cooperation between local teams in the Member States to exchange experiences and help combat Security threats in the field of information. The Meeting adopted a Resolution on these objectives and how to achieve them.

The OIC-CERT is aimed at enhancing and promoting cooperation between the similar teams established in the OIC Member States. The objectives can be concluded as follows:
  • Strengthening the relationships between Computer Emergency Response Teams in the Member States.
  • Promoting Exchange of Information
  • Preventing or minimising electronic (Cyber) terrorism and computer crimes
  • Enhancing Education and Awareness programmes
  • Raising the level of cooperation in the domains of technological research and development
The OIC-CERT activities comprise two categories namely capacity building and infrastructure programmes which will be financed by the contributions of the OIC-CERT Member States and/or IDB grant. This financial model was built in accordance with the applicable rules of similar international teams such as Asia Pacific Team and the Organisation of American States (OAS) Team.
The OIC-CERT is currently chaired by Cyber Security Malaysia.
Address:
CyberSecurity Malaysia
Level 7, SAPURA@MINES
7, Jalan Tasik, The Mines Resort City
43300 Seri Kembangan
Selangor DArul Ehsan
MALYSIA

Website: www.oic-cert.org


Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries (SMIIC)

The inaugural General Assembly Meeting of Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries (SMIIC) was held in Ankara, Republic of Turkey on 2-3 August 2010. SMIIC is the latest affiliated institution of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC).

The inaugural General Assembly was attended by ten out of the eleven OIC Member States, which have hitherto ratified the Statute of the SMIIC. These Member States are: Algeria, Cameroon, Guinea, Jordan, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, and Turkey.

The SMIIC is a mechanism for harmonization of standards among the OIC countries and for preparation of new ones. It aims at realizing harmonized standards in the Member States and eliminating any factor relating to the standards, likely to affect adversely the trade among the Member States. It shall establish accreditation and certification schemes for the purpose of expediting exchange of materials, manufactured goods and products among member states beginning with mutual recognition of certificates.

The SMIIC also aims at achieving uniformity in metrology, laboratory testing and standardization activities among member countries and ensuring education and training and providing technical assistance to the OIC members in the domain of standardization and metrology.

This Statute was adopted as per Resolution No.1 of the 14th Session of the COMCEC held in Istanbul, Republic of Turkey in November 1998.

The recently elected Board of Directors of SMIIC are:

  • People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria,
  • Republic of Cameroon,
  • Republic of Guinea, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan,
  • Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  • Tunisian Republic , and
  • Republic of Turkey

Dr. Lutfi Oksuz from Turkey, has now assumed office as the Interim Secretary General of SMIIC, having been unanimously endorsed by the General Assembly.

The First General Assembly meeting of SMIIC approved the Terms of Reference (TOR) for establishment of an Accreditation Committee to which all national accreditation bodies of OIC Member States are eligible to be its members.

The current address of SMIIC interim General Secretariat is as follows:
Dr. Litfi Oksuz, Interim Secretary General
Turkish Standards Institute (TSE)
Necatibey Cad.,No:112
06100 Bakanliklar, Ankara, Republic of Turkey
Tel.: +90 312 416 66 59 or 416 66 57
Fax: + 90 312 416 62 55
E-mail:international@tse.org.tr

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SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANS

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


 

SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS  AND ORGANS

DEFINITION
These are established within the framework of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in accordance with a resolution adopted by the Islamic Conference of Kings and Heads of State and Government or Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers. Membership to these organs is optional and open to OIC Member States. Their budgets are independent of the budget of the Secretariat General and those of the subsidiary organs and are approved by their respective legislative bodies as stipulated in their Statutes.

To-date, four specialized institutions have been established and they are located in different capitals and cities in the Islamic World – they are the following:

ISLAMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK (IDB)

DEFINITION
The Islamic Development Bank (IDB), a specialized institution of the OIC, is an international financing institution.

ESTABLISHMENT
The idea of establishing this institution dates back to the 2nd Islamic Foreign Ministers Conference, held in Karachi; in 1970 which recommended to undertake an in-depth study of this project.  A Declaration of Intent was issued by the First Conference of Finance Ministers of Islamic countries, held in Jeddah, in Zul Qaddah , 1393AH (December 1973) to endorse this idea.  The Bank was formally inaugurated on 15th Shawal, 1395AH. (20 October, 1975).

PURPOSE
The purpose of the Bank is to foster the economic development and social progress of Member States and Muslim Communities individually as well as collectively in accordance with the principles of the Shariah.

FUNCTIONS
The functions of the Bank are to provide equity participation and grant loans for productive projects and enterprises. It also gives financial assistance to member states in other forms for their economic and social development and to foster foreign trade among member countries.

MEMBERSHIP
The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country be a member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
The Bank is composed of:

a) A Board of Governors
Each member state is represented in the Board and nominates a governor and an alternate governor.
The Board meets once a year, in an ordinary session.

b) A Board of Executive Directors
It consists of 10 members who are not members of the Board of Governors.  They are elected for a mandate of three years by the Board of Governors.  they can be re-elected.

c) The President
He is the legal representative of the Bank and its Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
He is elected by the Board of Governors for a period of five years and can be re-elected.

CAPITAL
The authorized capital of the Bank is six billion Islamic Dinars divided into 600,000 shares among subscriber.  The value of the Islamic Dinar, which is the unit of account of  the  Bank, is  equivalent  to  one Special Drawing Right of the International Monetary Fund (SDR).  The subscribed capital of the Bank is 4 billion Islamic Dinars.  One Islamic Dinar =1.3 US Dollar.

HEADQUARTERS
The Bank’s Headquarters is in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS:
P.O. Box 5925 Jeddah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel: (+966 2) 636 1400
Fax: (+966 2) 636 6871, 637 1334, 637 9080
Telex : 601137 ISDB SJ.
Website: http://www.isdb.org/


 

ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (ISESCO)

DEFINITION  
ISESCO is a specialized institution of the OIC in the field of Education, Science Culture.

ESTABLISHMENT
The Eleventh Conference of Islamic Foreign Ministers held, in Islamabad, in Rajab 1400H/May, adopted Resolution No.2/11-C, concerning the approval of the Statute of this institution following the decision of the Tenth Conference, to establish it. The decision was notified by the Third Islamic Summit held in Makkah/Taif, in 1981. ISESCO’s constituent conference was held in Fez, Kingdom of Morocco, in May 1982.

OBJECTIVES
The objectives of the Islamic Organization – ISESCO – include:

  1. To strengthen cooperation among member states in the field of education, science and culture.
  2. To coordinate the efforts of OIC institutions in the fields of education, science and technology to foster Islamic solidarity.
  3. To see to it that the curricula at all educational levels are based on Islamic culture.
  4. To consolidate authentic Islamic culture and to protect the independence of Islamic thought against all forms of invasion and all factors of cultural alienation, distortion and disfigurement.
  5. To consolidate understanding among peoples and to contribute to the achievement of world peace and security through various means, especially education, science and culture.
  6. To promote cooperation among member states in the fields of education, science, culture, development of applied sciences and the use of high tech within the framework of the lofty and perpetual Islamic values and ideals.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters of ISESCO is in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco.

ADDRESS  
Avenue des F.A.R , Hay Ryad, PO Box: 2275, PC Code 10104
P.O.Box : 2275   10104
Tel: + 212 (0) 37 56 60 52 / 53
Fax: + 212 (0) 37 56 60 12 / 13
Email :  cabinet@isesco.org.ma
Website:  http://www.isesco.org.ma


 

ISLAMIC BROADCASTING UNION (IBU)

ESTABLISHMENT
This OIC specialized institution -originally Islamic States Broadcasting Organization (ISBO)- was established in pursuance of a resolution adopted by the Sixth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in July 1975.

OBJECTIVES
The main objectives of the Organization are:

  1. To propagate the principles of the Islamic Da’wa, and teach the Arabic language.
  2. To get Muslim peoples to know one another.
  3. To explain and fight for Islamic causes.
  4. To strengthen the spirit of brotherhood among the Muslim peoples.
  5. To develop cooperation between the Islamic technical organisms and institutions of member states in the field of broadcasting.
  6. To produce and exchange radio and television programmes for promoting the objectives of the Organization.

HEADQUARTERS
The Islamic Broadcasting Union (IBU) is in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS
P.O. Box 6351 Jeddah 21422
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel:  (+966 2) 672 1121 / 672 2269
Fax: (+966 2) 672 2600
Website:www.isboo.org


 

INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC NEWS AGENCY (IINA)

ESTABLISHMENT
The International Islamic News Agency, an OIC specialized institution was set up in pursuance of resolution No.6/3- adopted by the 3rd Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Jeddah in March 1972, following a prior decision taken by the Islamic Conference in Karachi, (Islamic Republic of Pakistan) in 1970.

OBJECTIVES

  1. To develop close and better relations between member states in the Information field.
  2. To promote contacts and technical cooperation between the news agencies of member states.
  3. To work for better understanding of Islamic peoples and their political, economic and social problems.

HEADQUARTERS
The Headquarters of the Agency is located in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ADDRESS
P.O.Box 5054, Jeddah 21422
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel:  (+966 2) 665 8561 / 665 2056
Fax: (+966 2) 665 9358
Email:  iina@islamicnews.org.sa
Website: http://www.islamicnews.org.sa


 

 

 

 

 

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SUBSIDIARY ORGANS

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


SUBSIDIARY ORGANS

Definition:
The under-mentioned Organs are established within the framework of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in accordance with a resolution adopted by the Islamic Conference of Kings and Heads of State and Government or the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers. Member States shall automatically become members of these organs and their budgets shall be approved by the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

  1. Statistical, Economic, Social Research and Training Center for Islamic Countries (SESRIC)
  2. Research Center for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA)
  3. Islamic University of Technology (IUT)
  4. Islamic Center for the Development of Trade (ICDT)
  5. International Islamic Fiqh Academy (IIFA)
  6. Islamic Solidarity Fund and its Waqf (ISF)
    STATISTICAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTRE FOR THE ISLAMIC COUNTRIES  (SESRIC)

    ESTABLISHMENT:
    The Center was established in pursuance of Resolution No.2/8-EC adopted by the Eighth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Tripoli, in 1399H. (1977). It is a subsidiary organ of the OIC.

    OBJECTIVES:
    The principal objective of the Centre is to support the process of socio-economic co-operation and development among the Member States of the Organization of the Islamic Conference by undertaking activities in the areas of statistics, research, training and technical co-operation.

    The Centre aims particularly to:

    Collect, collate and disseminate socio-economic statistics and information on and for the utilisation of the Member States;

    Undertake economic and social research on issues of economic and social development in the Member States to help generate proposals that will initiate and enhance co-operation among them;

    Organize and support training programmes in selected fields geared to the expressed needs of the Member States, in particular, to assist them in the training of their administrative and technical personnel in the relevant subjects, as well as to the general objectives of the Islamic Conference.

    The Centre is also the focal point of the OIC for technical co-operation

    HEADQUARTERS:
    The Center is located in Ankara, Republic of Turkey.

    ADDRESS
    Attar Sokak 4, G. O. P. 06700,
    Ankara
    Turkey
    Tel: (90 312) 468 6172
    Fax: (90 312) 467 3458
    Email : oicankara@sesrtcic.org
    Website: www.sesrtcic.org


    RESEARCH CENTER FOR ISLAMIC HISTORY, ART AND CULTURE (IRCICA)

    ESTABLISHMENT:
    IRCICA started its activities in 1980 as the first subsidiary organ of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) concerned with culture.

    Its establishment was proposed by the Republic of Turkey during the Seventh Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Istanbul, in 1976, and adopted by the Conference by Resolution no. 3/7-ECS.

    The Establishment Statute of the Centre was adopted by the Ninth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Dakar, Senegal, 1978) by Resolution no. 1/9-C. The Statute was amended later and readopted by the Twelfth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Baghdad, Iraq, 1981). Finally, the Sixth Islamic Summit Conference (Dakar, 1991) adopted the Framework Statute of the Subsidiary Organs of tshe OIC by its Resolution no. 1/6-Org (IS).

    OBJECTIVES:

    • To act as a focal point and meeting place for scholars, researchers, artists, institutions, organisations, and other parties within and outside the Member States which deal with studies and research on various aspects of Islamic civilisation
    • To create objective conditions for cooperation among the parties concerned world-wide with an aim to eliminate prejudices against Islam and its civilisation, project their correct image, inform the world opinion on their role and place in world civilisation, and promote a better understanding and a dialogue between Muslims and other peoples of the world
    • To undertake research, publish books, bibliographies, catalogues, albums and other reference works related to the history of Muslim nations, the history of arts and sciences in Islam, cultural heritage, and all other aspects of Islamic culture and civilisation to reinforce awareness of these subjects in world public opinion
    • To organize conferences, symposia, exhibitions and other cultural functions on its premises, in the Member States and at other venues to disseminate the results of its activities, encourage studies and stimulate international cooperation in the fields of Islamic culture and civilisation
    • To pay special attention to the cultural situation and cultural needs of Muslim nations and communities living in non-Member States and help to strengthen cultural solidarity between the Member States and those Muslim nations and communities
    • To assess, record and study the sources and the products of cultural, scientific, intellectual and artistic life throughout the history of Islam with an aim to foster scholarly studies and create public awareness of the achievements of Islamic civilisation
    • To undertake studies regarding all aspects of the heritage of Islamic civilisation, with an aim to reinforce the concept of Islamic cultural heritage and to register, preserve and highlight the assets of this heritage, including fixed assets related to archaeology, cities and architectural monuments and movable – tangible and intangible – assets such as manuscript works, library and archive items, audio-visual objects and materials, traditional arts and crafts and other products and forms of expression of Islamic culture
    • To establish programs for the identification and recording, by means of data banks and other archival, documentary and other means, of the assets and materials related to Islamic cultural heritage, for their assessment, restoration and preservation whether at home or abroad, and recovery and retrieval of those that are lost or scattered
    • To maintain directories, rosters, registers and pools of expertise related to resource persons, specialists, technical experts and institutions, competent in activities of research, training, information, restoration and conservation in various fields of Islamic cultural heritage
    • To set up, develop and operate a reference library and archives and documentation facilities to serve the needs of the Member States, researchers, students and other parties interested in the study of Islamic civilisation
    • To organize training programs to upgrade skills and techniques in various fields of Islamic arts and train the specialised manpower required for the restoration, preservation and utilisation of historical documents and other assets of Islamic heritage
    • To foster studies in the fields of Islamic culture and civilisation, organize and participate in the organisation of graduate studies in these fields, in cooperation with universities and other institutions of higher learning
    • To take measures and establish incentive programs such as awards and competitions aimed at acknowledging and stimulating individual and institutional achievements, services and contributions in various fields of Islamic culture, scholarship, arts and heritage
    • To establish and promote linkages and cooperation with all relevant international, regional and national organisations throughout the world
    • To render advice to the Member States and the Secretary General on all matters connected with Islamic civilisation and carry out the studies and projects required by the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers and the Secretary General.

    Following the merger of International Commission for the Preservation of Islamic Cultural Heritage (ICPICH) with IRCICA in 2000, the activities previously undertaken by ICPICH were incorporated in IRCICA’s work programs.

    HEADQUARTERS:
    IRCICA’s headquarters are located in the three buildings named Seyir Pavillion, Cit Qasr and Yaveran Qasr in the historical Yildiz Palace in Besiktas, Istanbul. These buildings were allocated to the Centre by the Government of the Republic of Turkey.

    ADDRESS:
    Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA)
    P.O. Box: 24, Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey
    Tel: (90 212) 259 17 42
    Fax: (90 212) 258 43 65
    Email: ircica@ircica.org , ircica@superonline.com
    Website: http://www.ircica.org


    ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY (IUT)

    ESTABLISHMENT:
    The University was established as a subsidiary organ of the OIC in implementation of the resolution No.5/9-E of the Ninth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Dakar, Republic of Senegal, in April 1978, initially named as ICTVTR, and later Islamic Institute of Technology.

    The name was changed to the Islamic University of Technology (IUT) according to the resolution 48/28 adopted by the 28th ICFM held in Mali on 25-27 June 2001.

    OBJECTIVES:
    The main objective of the University is to help generally in human resources development in the Member States of the OIC in the fields of engineering, technology, technical and vocational education, and in particular to:

    1. Provide instruction in technology, science and engineering, technical and vocational education and in such branches of learning connected with the above fields as per requirement of the Member States and as approved by the Conference, and in particular, train engineers, instructors, technicians and tradesmen in technologies and trades needed in the Member States and to upgrade the mid level and lower level manpower to international standards.
    2. Conduct, promote and guide research in industrial and technological fields and in technical and vocational education to the benefits of the Member States of the OIC.
    3. Hold examinations and grant and confer certificates, degrees and diplomas and other academic distinctions on persons who have pursued courses of study provided by the University and have passed the examinations of the University under such conditions as may be prescribed by the academic rules and regulations of the University.
    4. May confer other academic distinctions on persons of high eminence of the Member States with the approval of the Joint General Assembly on the recommendation of the Board.
    5. Promote technical cooperation, exchange technical know-how and disseminate basic information in the field of human resource development through short and special courses, seminars, workshops and publications.
    6. Ensure coordination between the objective of the University with other national and regional institutions of the Islamic Countries as well as with international institutions.
    7. Undertake advisory and consultancy services for Government, International Bodies and Foundations or allied organizations.
    8. Participate in the meetings of commissions and committees established by the Conference with appropriate background and technical papers.
    9. Cooperate and collaborate with the General Secretariat, and with other subsidiary and affiliated organs of the Conference.

    HEADQUARTERS:
    The University is located at Board Bazar, Gazipur, Dhaka, People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

    ADDRESS
    G.P.O. BOX NO.  3003 Ramna
    P.O. K.B.  Bazar Joydevpur
    Dist.  Gazipur – 1704
    Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Tel:  (8802) 9291250, 9291252
    Cable:  ISLAMICENT
    Fax:  (8802) 9291260
    Email: vc@iut-dhaka.edu
    Website: www.iutoic-dhaka.edu


    ISLAMIC CENTRE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADE (ICDT)

    ESTABLISHMENT
    The Third Islamic Summit Conference held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah in January 1981 approved the Statute of the Center. It is a Subsidiary Organ of the OIC.

    OBJECTIVES
    To promote trade exchange among the OIC Member States, by:

    • Organizing trade fairs and specialized exhibitions and other trade activities to contribute to the promotion of the Member States products;
    • Encouraging contacts among businessmen of the Member States and bringing them together;
    • Organizing symposia and training seminars for participants from the Member States.
    • Helping disseminate trade information and data among the Member States.
    • Undertaking studies and researches.
    • Helping the Member States create national organizations or associations for the promotion of trade, or reinforcing existing ones.

    HEADQUARTERS
    The Headquarters of the Centre is in Casablanca (Kingdom of Morocco).

    ADDRESS
    TOUR DES HABOUS, Avenue des F.A.R.,
    B.P.  13545, Casablanca 20000, 11eme Etage
    Kingdom of Morocco
    Tel:  (+212 22) 31 49 74, 31 00 33
    Telex: 46296 M
    Fax:  (+212 22) 31 01 10
    Email:     icdt@icdt-oic.org
    Website: www.icdt-oic.org


    INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC FIQH ACADEMY

    ESTABLISHMENT
    Resolution No.8/3-C, (I.S.) adopted by the Third Islamic Summit Conference, held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah and Taif called for the establishment of an Islamic Fiqh Academy (Jurisprudence) Academy.

    OBJECTIVES

    1. To achieve the theoretical and practical unity of the Islamic Ummah by striving to have Man conform his conduct to the principles of the Islamic Sharia at the individual, social as well as international levels.
    2. To strengthen the link of the Muslim community with the Islamic faith.
    3. To draw inspiration from the Islamic Sharia, to study contemporary problems from the Sharia point of view and to try to find the solutions in conformity with the Sharia through an authentic interpretation of its content.

    HEADQUARTERS
    The Headquarters of the Academy is located in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    ADDRESS
    P. O. Box 13917, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Telephone:  6671664/6672288
    Fax:  6670873
    Website: www.fiqhacademy.org


    ISLAMIC SOLIDARITY FUND (ISF)  AND ITS WAQF / ISLAMIC SOLIDARITY FUND

    ESTABLISHMENT
    The Islamic Solidarity Fund, a subsidiary organ of the OIC was established in pursuance of a resolution of the Second Islamic Summit Conference, held in Lahore, in Safar, 1394H (February 1974).

    OBJECTIVES

    1. To take all possible steps to raise the intellectual and moral levels of the Muslims in the world;
    2. To provide required material relief in case of emergencies such as natural catastrophes and man-made disasters, that may befall the Islamic States;
    3. To grant assistance to Muslim minorities and communities so as to improve their religious, social and cultural standards;

    HEADQUARTERS
    The Fund is located at the General Secretariat of the OIC in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    ADDRESS
    P.O.Box 178, Jeddah 21411
    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Website: www.isf-fsi.org

    see: http://www.oic-oci.org/page_detail.asp?p_id=64

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