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Following the current developments in Egypt, the OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) issued the statement

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 17, 2013

10/07/2013  | The Commission follows with deep concern and regret the tragic clashes and bloodshed in Egypt over the past week, and deplores all forms of violence and attacks on private and public property, as well as places of worship.

While it reaffirms the need to ensure freedom of expression, including through peaceful demonstrations, for all Egyptians alike without fear for safety, or of reprisal, the Commission strongly condemns all those who have made the situation in Egypt escalate into violence and loss of life.

The Commission reminds that the sanctity of human life is highly revered in all religions, and that the Holy Quran teaches that the unjust deprivation of the right to life of an individual is same as the killing of all people. Islam also commands to respect other’s freedom of religion. Under international human rights law, no derogation from these universal rights may be permitted.

Whereas it reiterates that it is the obligation of States to promote and protect the rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression, the Commission reasserts that the exercise of these rights has to be carried out in conformity with the law at all times, so as to preserve public safety and order as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Commission also reaffirms States’ obligation to ensure that no one shall be deprived of his or her liberty except on such grounds, and in accordance with such procedure, as are established by the law.

The Commission welcomes the pledge of the Egyptian Interim Authorities to uphold their responsibilities in this regard and to reinstate respect for the rule of law, and it calls upon the latter to ensure the freedom of the media, as well as the early restoration of constitutional democracy.

The Commission also welcomes the recently initiated inclusive dialogue, and encourages all parties and political forces in Egypt to constructively engage in this process, confident that it will enhance peaceful national reconciliation efforts while laying the foundations of a pluralistic society, based on sound democratic institutions, and wherein human rights for all are wholly observed and protected.

The Commission unequivocally supports the right of the Egyptian people to determine their future in their continuous and legitimate quest for development, freedom and social justice, and their right to choose their new leadership through free and transparent elections. It further calls upon the international community to fully respect the free will of the Egyptian people, without interference in the internal affairs of the country. It also underlines that support for the ongoing national reconciliation efforts at this critical moment could not be overemphasized.

As the Holy Month of Ramadan begins, Muslims in Egypt are once more reminded of the true nature of Islam, which instructs them to be compassionate towards each other, and tolerant towards others. All parties and factions in Egypt are urged to resort to calm, hence allowing for the creation of an amicable environment necessary to maintain social peace and cohesion. Exercising maximum restraint and the immediate cessation of all acts of violence and incitement to hatred and violence are imperative to turn over the pages of recent history once and for all.



Posted in Egypt, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) | Leave a Comment »

Malala’s Lessons for the Muslim World

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 11, 2013

by Amb. Ufuk Gokcen, Ambassador and Permanent Representative, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, United Nations

In 2009, Malala Yousafzai, a seventh grade student in the Swat district of Pakistan, made headlines around the world for exposing the inequities that young girls faced under the Taliban in her hometown of Mingora. She has become a symbol of peace through her continued advocacy for education of girls in her region and has been recognized by governments around the world for her important advocacy.

On Oct. 9, 2012, gunmen stopped a bus taking students home from school, asked for Malala Yousafzai by name, and shot her in the head.

In phone interviews following the attack, a spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban cited her role as an “advocate for the West” as the reason for her targeting and vowed to target her again if she survived.

The Pakistani Taliban is now resorting to other deplorable methods of intimidation by throwing acid on the faces of girls who seek education. The Taliban in Afghanistan has used the same scare tactics.

As the world reels in the face of such senseless brutality, it is easy to generalize the underlying ignorance and intolerance that motivated this attack to the rest of the Muslim world. The perceived rejection of “Western” values by this group of extremists can leave the impression that we are seeing the beginning of a new kind of despotism threatening the rights and lives of anyone who stands up for these values.

The OIC General Secretariat, the newly established OIC Independent and Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), and around 50 Pakistani Ulema were among those condemning the cowardly act of shooting Malala as un-Islamic. However, at the grass roots level, civil society institutions of the OIC member countries, including women and youth, NGOs and clergy, should be more pro-active and vocal.

The small group of extremists, in contrast to 1.5 billion mainstream Muslims, can not represent any Islamic tradition. However, there is a danger. If not challenged, these inhuman terror methods could be emulated elsewhere, such as West Africa and Sahel.

Saudi commentator Tariq Maeena underlined in his op-ed published by the Gulf News that what was indeed disturbing was the absence of forceful rejection by established Islamic religious institutions and figures of such twisted practices and values. Is it possible not to agree? It is high time that ignorant and twisted minds hijacking and misinterpreting the Islamic values are confronted and challenged forcefully by the highest religious authorities.

At the intergovernmental level, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has taken the lead to improve the rights and opportunities of women within its member states. One of the central tenets of the OIC’s Ten-Year Programme of Action is the advancement of women’s rights.

Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary General of the OIC, reinforced the importance of equality and opportunity for women saying, “Women are an important segment of our societies … Their advancement in all the areas is therefore imperative to achieve sustainable and balanced development, and to bring progress and prosperity in society.”

The OIC’s work on behalf women’s rights have included the formation of the OIC Department of Family Affairs which addresses the issues of women, youth, and children and the creation of an Islamic Network of Women Scientists which encourages a greater involvement of women in both scientific and technological fields. The OIC has also partnered with the United States Departments of State and Health as well as the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, civil society, and other international organizations to reduce the mortality rate of women during childbirth and to ensure children’s health during the first month of their life.

Additionally, the OIC made the historic decision to establish the Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) in June 2011. Not only does the mission of the IPHRC encourage the placement of women on the Commission, but it has made the rights of women and children its top priority. The 18 member Commission is currently chaired by a woman, Dr. Siti Ruhuaini Dzuhayatin, who is an distinguished lecturer of sociology from Indonesia and helped set up the first women crisis centre in her country. Meanwhile, women even in the most criticized OIC member countries are making historic progress, though in a gradual manner; and others in some member states are holding tight to not lose their rights and acquired standings in the transition to democracy. One common aspect in all these countries is that women are determined to have a stronger say in how their societies and countries are ruled, and they don’t want to go back.

As the OIC focal point in the US-OIC engagement, one of my most pleasant duties was to co-sponsor a symposium in June 2011 with the US Department of State entitled, “Changing Mindsets to Promote Women and Girls in Science.” While the United Nations recently marked the first International Day of the Girl Child, it is the duty of all of us to do more to enable millions of bright minds like Malala to have better prospects and bring down the false obstacles in front of women erected in the name of traditions or the misinterpretation or manipulation of religious teachings.

Source: Huffington Post

Posted in Human Rights and Islam, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Pakistan | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The 12th Session Of The Islamic Summit Conference

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on January 23, 2013

The 12th Session Of The Islamic Summit Conference
21 – 26 Rabea Awal 1434 H | 2 – 7 February 2013
Cairo – Arab Republic of Egypt

“The Muslim World: New Challenges and Expanding Opportunities”

Welcome Note by H.E. The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt

Dr.Mohamed Morsy 
The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt

It is a great pleasure to welcome the visitors of the official website of the Twelfth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference being held in Cairo Egypt from the 2nd till the 7th of February 2013. Convening the Islamic Summit in Cairo entails a great significance as it is the first time for Egypt to host a summit of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC); the second largest intergovernmental organization (57 States from 4 continents) after the United Nations, in addition to the fact that it will be the first summit to be held in Egypt after the 25th of January Revolution. Egypt is a founding member of the OIC, which was established upon a decision by the historical Rabat summit (September 1969) in the aftermath of the criminal arson of the Holy Aqsa Mosque during the summer of that year. Egypt’s role was not limited to that important historical dimension; but rather remained persistent through its continuous efforts to intensify political coordination and economic cooperation among member countries. Egypt is committed to contribute positively to OIC committees and organs. 

The consecutive international and regional crises in the last few years have led the OIC member countries to face a variety of fundamental challenges. This situation entails the necessity for orchestrating coordinative and joint efforts with the aim of submitting creative perspectives dealing with the consequences arising from those crises. It is our conviction that common visions and stances should be developed as a necessary prerequisite for enabling OIC member states to adapt to the current international situation, which differs than that prevailing when the OIC was established 44 years ago. On the other hand, we realize the importance of consolidating the OIC principles and noble objectives, which are crucial nowadays more than anytime else. 

I will be glad to welcome Their Majesties and Excellencies Kings, Heads of State and Government of the OIC member countries in Egypt, as well as all Delegates to our Twelfth Summit in February 2013. I am confident that this Summit will be important, successful, and will pave the way towards a new horizon of joint Islamic cooperation and coordination that complies with the aspirations of our peoples for a better future.


Posted in Egypt, OIC Meeting | 1 Comment »

Ihsanoglu stresses on measures for implementing resolutions against stigmatizing religions

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on October 2, 2012

Ihsanoglu stresses on measures for implementing resolutions against stigmatizing religions Recent incidents demonstrate consequences of abusing freedom of expression and right to protest

New York, 28/09/2012 |  The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) said that achievements made in regards to religious tolerance are being challenged by a very small group of misguided people on both sides. In his speech to the OIC Annual Coordination Meeting of the Foreign Ministers, Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu stressed on the need to develop measures to ensure the implementation of the resolutions on combating religious intolerance by national authorities, particularly in the areas of media and education.

The Secretary General pointed out to the operative paragraph in Resolution 16/18 adopted unanimously by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011 stipulates that, “condemns any advocacy of religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence, whether it involves the use of print, audio-visual or electronic media or any other means.”

“What is urgently needed now is the mobilization of the collective resources of all member states, equipped with a well-considered comprehensive strategy, capable of defeating this hate campaign,” said Ihsanoglu to the meeting, which was held on the sidelines of the 67th Session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York on Friday, 28 September 2012.

While strongly condemning the tragic killing of the American officials in Benghazi and the attacks on the US diplomatic missions in Cairo, Ihsanoglu said that expressing anger or outrage should be no means get to killing people or destroying property.

“These incidents demonstrate the serious consequences of abusing the principle of freedom of expression at one side and the abuse of right to demonstration on the other side. These recent incidents brought again to the fore the dire need for respecting religions and their symbols.”
The Secretary General proposed addressing the root causes of this problem, which is “ignorance”.
In order to stop and break the vicious circle of hate mongering actions and violent uncalled for reactions, “we must relate our initiatives to the mass,” stressed Ihsanoglu.

He said that only two ways to address this ‘ignorance’ effectively, media and education. By reaching out to the mass through firstly encouraging the mass media to vigorously and diligently disseminate the true image of religion and beliefs focusing on their basic tenets of peace and tolerance and not on actions taken by some misguided people in the name of those religions or faiths. Secondly, efforts should be exerted to develop an education system for the next generation promoting better understanding of civilizations and common human values.

Source: OIC Secretariat




Posted in Freedom of Religion, OIC Member States and UN Human Rights Mechanism | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Statement Of H. E. Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary General Of The OIC At The 3rd Meeting Of The Group Of Friends Of The Syrian People

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 20, 2012

Bismillahi Arrahmani Arrahim
In the Name of God, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful

H. E. Mr. Laurent Fabius, Minister for Foreign and European Affairs of the Republic of France

Honorable Ministers,

Distinguished Heads of Delegation

Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is a great honor and privilege for me to address the 3rd meeting of the Group of Friends of the Syrian People convened at the beautiful city of Paris to discuss the situation in Syria and find ways and means to save the Syrian people and end its suffering and act together in order to stop the bloodshed which caused more than 15000 deaths.

At the very outset, I would like to seize this opportunity to thank the French Government for convening the important meeting and for the excellent arrangements and hospitality accorded to all delegations.

Honorable Ministers,
Distinguished delegates,

In spite of sincere efforts from the international community to resolve the Syrian crisis, I have no doubt that you share my deep concern and profound pain at what the situation there has turned into, with the ongoing bloodshed, the killing of innocent lives including children and women and the large scale destruction of homes and infrastructure. As we gather here today to examine this deplorable situation, we are reminded of the calamities endured by a people steeped in history who have suffered all kinds of killing, mutilation, torture and dispersion as a result of the mindless violence visited upon them, already claiming the violence. Moreover, the current situation could be an ominous portend of the breakout of a civil war that might crush even more thousands of innocent victims, with ripple effects reaching even beyond Syria, to all the countries of the region. Our duty now commands that we extend our urgent succor to the victims of the violence.

In this respect, I have already issued a call, less than a month ago, for an end to the killing in Syria, a call which takes root in the precepts of our noble faith that insist on the protection of human life, enjoins its preservation and prohibits the killing of innocents or their subjections to any harm.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Since the onset of this crisis, we made a point of abiding by the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of a Member State of the OIC, and of respecting its sovereignty and territorial integrity, a principled stand which was coupled by our keenness to preserve Syria’s safety, security and stability. However, the degrading security situation and worsened oppressive practices with the killing of large numbers of children and women have played in favor of internationalization of the crisis.

Syria, being an important member of the OIC, the OIC sought to contain the crisis before it overspills. Indeed, I had talks and contacts with the authorities in Damascus. I expressed my concern over the potential spread of the crisis, and encouraged the Syrian authorities to see to the early introduction of the announced reform. Then I dispatched a special envoy to Damascus in May 2011 to deliver a written message from me to President Bashar Al-Assad. In my messages, I expressed our profound sadness at the continued escalation and aggravation of violent practices, and stressed the need for a commitment to protect civilians, respect human rights, activate the principles of good governance, implement the reforms promised by the Syrian leadership and resolve the Syrian crisis through peaceful means. Subsequently, the OIC issued a number of communiqués calling for de-escalation and negotiated settlement

The OIC has never abandoned its fixed stand regarding the repercussions and developments in Syria. Since the outbreak of this crisis, the OIC General Secretariat has issued a number of statements reiterating its stand in favor of resolving the Syrian crisis through putting an immediate end to the violence and bloodshed.

Honorable Ministers,
Distinguished Participants,

The OIC Executive Committee, which held a first meeting at the Ministerial level on 30 November 2011, urged the Syrian Government to fulfill its commitments to reform and to respond to the legitimate aspirations and demands of Syrian people. The meeting called on all Syrian stakeholders to shun the path of violence and resort to the peaceful means of dialogue and negotiations to settle the crisis.

In the face of the failure to achieve any progress in the attempts to steer towards a serious peaceful dialogue and continued killings and destructions, the OIC declared its support for the solution adopted by the League of Arab States and for Dr. Kofi Annan’s six-point peace plan which, has so far met with no positive response.

Distinguished delegates,

The OIC convened the Second Executive Committee Meeting at the Ministerial level on the 24 June 2012 at its Headquarters. The meeting strongly condemned the continuing bloodshed by all parties in Syria, underlined the primary responsibility of the Syrian Government in the continuation of violence and expressed its serious concern at the deteriorating situation in the country. In this connection, it called for an immediate end to the violence and for full respect for Islamic values and human rights as well as for saving the country from the risk of a full civil war with grave consequences on the Syrian people and the region. The Meeting strongly urged the Syrian Government to immediately end the use of excessive force against Syrian nationals and to respond to the legitimate aspirations and demands of its citizens; it further expressed its support to the ongoing diplomatic initiatives to end violence in Syria.

The meeting recommended to the next CFM meeting which will be held in Djibouti the suspension of the membership of the Syrian Arab Republic from the OIC. The Meeting called on the UNSC to take its full responsibility to put an end to the ongoing violence and bloodshed in Syria through a durable political solution and urged the Council to consider the situation in Syria under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. In addition, the meeting strongly deplored the shooting down by Syria of a Turkish military plane, and considers it an action which poses a grave threat to the regional security and stability.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

To conclude, I wish to call upon the international community to work more actively towards ending the bloodshed and reversing the ordeal of the Syrian people. I wish our deliberations every success in evolving specific recommendations which will contribute to finding an immediate solution to the grave Syrian crisis.

I thank you all for your kind attention.




Posted in Human Rights and Islam, Other Rights, Syiria | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Call for submissions of information on combating intolerance, negative stereotyping, stigmatization, discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against persons, based on religion or belief

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 7, 2012

In preparation for the Secretary-General’s forthcoming report, The Civil Society Section of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights encourages you to provide input (see para.10, General Assembly resolution 66/167).

Guidance note on contributions:

1. Responses should not exceed five pages (supporting documents can be attached)

2. Bearing in mind the text of General Assembly resolution A/RES/66/167, responses may wish to reflect the following:

a. General information on the implementation of the resolution 

b. Information concerning steps taken by countries to combat intolerance, negative stereotyping, stigmatization, discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against persons, based on religion or belief as set forth in the resolution, including measures and policies to:

– ensure that public functionaries, in the conduct of their public duties, do not discriminate against an individual on the basis of religion or belief;

– foster religious freedom and pluralism by promoting the ability of members of all religious communities to manifest their religion and to contribute openly and on an equal footing to society 

– encourage the representation and meaningful participation of individuals, irrespective of their religion or belief, in all sectors of society;

– make a strong effort to counter religious profiling, which is understood to be the invidious use of religion as a criterion in conducting questioning, searches and other law enforcement investigative procedures;

– promote the full respect for and protection of places of worship and religious sites, cemeteries and shrines, and to take measures in cases where they are vulnerable to vandalism or destruction; and,

– foster a global dialogue for the promotion of a culture of tolerance and peace at all levels, based on respect for human rights and diversity of religions and beliefs.

Send your contribution, five pages (max.), by 15 June 2012 to

Source: Bangkok ONHRC

Posted in Freedom of Religion, Human Rights and Islam, OIC Member States and UN Human Rights Mechanism | Leave a Comment »

Video: UPR Report of Algeria, 13th Universal Periodic Review 29 May 2012

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on June 1, 2012

 UN Webcast

UPR Report of Algeria, 13th Universal Periodic Review

Geneva, 29 May 2012
Please click following link for watch a report process in Human Rights Council UPR Session


Posted in Algeria (Aljazair) | Leave a Comment »

Statement Of The OIC Secretary General International Ministerial Conference On Refugees In The Muslim World

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on May 15, 2012

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
11-12 MAY 2012

Your Excellency Mr. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOV the President of Turkmenistan,

Your Excellency Antonio Guterres, The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,

Your Excellencies Ministers and Heads of Delegation,
Distinguished Delegates,

Distinguished Observers and Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

It gives me great pleasure to address you as we all gather here today in the opening session of the OIC International Ministerial Conference on Situation of Refugees in the Muslim World. At the outset, I wish, on behalf of all of us, to express our sincere thanks and deep appreciation to H.E. the President of Turkmenistan, the Government and People of Turkmenistan for hosting this important conference. At the same time, I express my appreciation for the High Commissioner for Refugees and my utmost satisfaction for the effective partnership between our two organizations, in a process that successfully led to the convening of this Conference. We also thank all OIC Member States and institutions and others who have made various contributions and in different forms, to facilitate the holding of this historic humanitarian event.

Your Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

When we took a decision within the OIC to hold this Conference on Refugees, we established a partnership with the Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in order to ensure that this humanitarian endeavor serves our noble objectives and translates the will of our member states into actions that satisfy our moral, legal and deeply rooted humanitarianism. Providing asylum, protecting refugees and assisting them in compassion and conviction are fundamental pillars in our Islamic tradition. Assisting and protecting refugees, irrespective of their faith, color or ethnic origin ,is not only a legal obligation, but also a moral and a religious duty as stipulated in these teachings and embodied in deeds throughout history within the Muslim World. The idea of protecting ” Almustamin” or asylum seeker was never compromised in these teachings and practices. Hence, the extradition of “Almustamin” was prohibited, a notion which was much later in history, came to be known in international refugee law as the principle of “non-refoulment” a corner stone of modern refugee law.

In essence, there is total compatibility between refugee principles in Islam and those of our modern day international refugee law. This doctrinal base, has been a strong driving force in our efforts to play an effective role in the humanitarian arena, not only within the domain of our member states, but also, whenever possible, beyond that and in the world at large.

Your Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

There are over 17 million refugees and displaced persons within the OIC Member countries, and that includes some protracted refugee situations . We should tirelessly continue to make every effort possible , to address these refugee and displacement situations, with provision of assistance and protection, as the case may be, in a purely humanitarian effort . We should also engage , with the will of all concerned governments, in durable and lasting solutions to these refugee situations, in order to end the suffering of these human beings and enhance social harmony, peace ,stability and development. Our common political will and coordinated efforts are corollaries for achieving this objective, and I must hasten to add here that this is an international problem that goes beyond state or even continental borders and its solutions require solidarity of the international community while cooperating with all sovereign governments concerned. In this light, we see the objective of this Ministerial Conference as a historic opportunity to shed ample light on the refugee problem in the Muslim World, mobilize efforts to address this humanitarian problem and find ways and means of enhancing these efforts. Such collective and well coordinated approaches will no doubt generate solutions that address the immediate humanitarian needs and aim at the root causes within a long term and durable arrangements for the interest of all.

Your Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is evident that refugee problems are not limited to the Muslim World and they have been experienced in all regions, in all cultures and in all religions. Our endeavors within the OIC is not meant to overdramatize this problem in our midst, but rather meant to give it its proportionate and realistic dues. We all know that we do live in a less- than- perfect world community and coexistence amongst states and communities requires interaction of different cultures in an environment of multiculturalism. Hence, refugee situations continue to be products of intolerance, xenophobia, injustice, denial of basic rights, conflict over resources domestically or across state borders and instances of foreign intervention. Accordingly, we look forward to see that, root causes are addressed consciously, objectively and systematically. Standards should therefore be set without subjective variations, while addressing these problems, and I can assure you that the OIC member states have been exerting strenuous efforts to assist in refugee and displacement situations without any shadow of subjective factors. And we will continue these efforts within the OIC and we will maintain coordination and collaboration, whenever possible, with UNHCR and all other humanitarian organizations dedicated to this humanitarian cause.

Your Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

As we consider the cases of refugees in the Muslim World , we should underscore the plight and injustice to which the Palestinian refugees continue to be subjected. Their situation, being the most protracted situation of refugees in the world since the late 1940s remained unresolved and their rights continue to be usurped unless a political settlement is concluded within the UN resolutions and the Arab Initiative, guaranteeing their legitimate rights. Thus, theirs is not just a refugee humanitarian issue, but it is a political cause that should be dealt with accordingly. The OIC member states, continue to make all possible efforts for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

Your Excellencies,
Distinguished Delegates,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

I wish to remind us all that this Conference is indeed a land mark event in our search for solutions to problems of true humanitarian nature. To this end, we reiterate our commitment to a strategic partnership with UNHCR and we will continue to find ways and means of appropriate and effective cooperation with them and others to achieve our noble humanitarian objectives. For this reason, we hope that declaration of this conference would help us charting the way forward.

Finally, Let me take the opportunity, to reiterate that our OIC Charter and our guiding principles enable us to remain an effective force of wisdom, peace and fruitful dialogue, in a world faced by constant economic, political and social challenges. Indeed, no one would dispute the fact that refugees are amongst the most vulnerable populations and they deserve our serious attention. It is not only an attention of the moment, but it is an attention of our political resolve, an attention of provision of lasting solutions , in a spirit of international burden sharing. In sum, let us turn the refugee challenges into opportunities for action.

I wish all, fruitful, substantive and inspiring deliberations and above all a successful outcome.

I thank you.

Suorce: OIC Secretariat General

Posted in Human Rights and Islam, OIC Meeting, Other Rights, Press Release, Turkmenistan | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

“Islam bukan Agama Kekerasan”

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on May 15, 2012

Jakarta, 14 Mei 2012

Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin

Ketua at-interim Komisi Independen HAM Organisasi Kerjasama Islam (IPHRC OKI)

Beberapa waktu terakhir, dalam konteks pendewasaan menjadi bangsa yang demokratis Indonesia diuji dengan pelbagai macam peristiwa yang mengarah pada tindakan intoleransi, diskriminasi dan kekerasan. Maraknya pelarangan pendirian rumah ibadah agama tertentu, pengrusakan rumah ibadah kelompok minoritas, kekerasan terhadap aktivis penggiat keberagaman, pelarangan diskusi-diskusi tema-tema yang mengandung unsur sensitifitas dengan keyakinan, sampai tindakan kekerasan terhadap komunitas yang dipandang berbeda pemahaman dan pandangan, semuanya telah menjadi hiasan media massa dan ruang publik masyarakat Indonesia dewasa ini.

Sebagai berpenduduk Muslim terbesar yang dikenal paling demokratis, Indonesia tengah disibukkan dengan permasalahan mendasar tentang kebhinekaan dan toleransi. Sebuah perdebatan lama yang sebetulnya telah dijawab oleh bangsa ini, bahkan sebelum dilahirkan. Tak ayal pula, sikap ekstrem yang ditampakkan oleh umat Islam tersebut semakin menguatkan pandangan Islamphobia di antara umat lain, sedangkan di sisi lain, komunitas Muslim di seluruh dunia tengah memperbaiki citra Islam untuk lebih manusiawi, berperadaban dan menampilkan wajah Islam yang ramah.

Sebagai Komisioner HAM OKI yang diberikan mandat untuk menghadirkan nilai-nilai HAM yang selaras dengan ajaran luhur keislaman, kami hendak menekankan bahwa tindakan intoleransi dan kekerasan yang didasarkan atas nama agama bukanlah menjadi cerminan Islam itu sendiri. Sebaliknya, tindakan tersebut hanya bagian kecil dari pemaknaan sejumlah kecil umat Islam terhadap Islam yang tentunya tidak bisa dilegitimasi sebagai pendapat seluruh umat Islam.

Piagam Organisasi Kerjasama Islam (OKI) menyatakan secara tegas, bahwa bersatunya umat Islam dalam Organisasi ini adalah untuk memajukan nilai-nilai perdamaian, kasih sayang, toleransi, persamaan, keadilan dan martabat manusia. Nilai-nilai ini pula yang dapat melestarikan warisan Islam dan mempertahankan universalitas Islam sebagai agama. Hal ini menjadi dasar bagi umat Islam sedunia untuk menyebarkan pemahaman Islam yang moderat dan toleran, memajukan HAM dan kebebasan dasar, demokrasi dan penegakan hukum, serta bagi setiap Negara Muslim hendaknya mengimplementasikan dan memajukannya di tingkat nasional atau internasional.

Dalam hal ini, OKI meletakkan agenda reformasi – moderasi dan modernisasi – sebagai bagian penting pembangunan Negara-negara Muslim di era kontemporer, dengan selalu mengedepankan dialog antar peradaban dan menghadirkan nilai-nilai Islam yang luhur.

Program Aksi Sepuluh Tahun OKI (2005 – 2015) sangat tegas menyebutkan, bahwa sebagai organisasi Muslim terbesar di dunia, OKI mengedepankan sikap moderat dan toleran, seraya menentang segala bentuk ekstrimisme, tindakan kekerasan dan terorisme, sekaligus pula menolak adanya Islamphobia.

Program sepuluh tahun mendorong agar OKI menyebarkan pemahaman yang benar tentang Islam sebagai sebuah agama yang moderat dan toleran dan melindungi pemaknaan Islam dari pendapat-pendapat ekstrem dan sempit yang bertentangan dengan nilai-nilai keislaman dan kemanusiaan. Dialog antar agama/keyakinan dengan pencarian titik temu dan nilai bersama merupakan sebuah keharusan. Dan demikian, OKI mengecam adanya ekstrimisme agama atau sektarian dan menghentikan tindakan saling kafir-mengkafirkan antar penganut untuk hidup secara berdampingan dan saling menghormati.

Deklarasi HAM Islam Kairo 1990 telah mencatat, bahwa setiap manusia memiliki hak rasa aman atas dirinya sendiri, agamanya, kemerdekaannya, kehormatannya dan harta bendanya (Pasal 18), yang harus pula menjadi pedoman bagi umat Islam di seluruh dunia dalam memandang manusia lain, serta menjadi kewajiban Negara pula untuk memberikan perlindungan maksimal terhadap hak setiap orang tersebut.


Berkaitan dengan maraknya tindakan intoleransi, kekerasan dan diskriminasi yang terjadi di Indonesia akhir-akhir ini, kami menyampaikan;

  1. Kepada seluruh umat Islam, hendaknya selalu melakukan dialog terkait suatu pandangan keagamaan, baik sesama umat Islam ataupun dengan umat yang lain. Tindakan kekerasan atau sikap intoleransi lainnya bukanlah merupakan cerminan nilai luhur Islam yang menjadi rahmat bagi seluruh alam; sebaliknya, merusak dan memperburuk citra Islam itu sendiri.
  2. Tantangan peradaban global dewasa ini telah menuntut seluruh umat manusia yang ada di bumi untuk saling menghargai dan menghormati keyakinan, agama, dan pandangan masing-masing, sehingga peradaban kemanusiaan sejati dapat dicapai melalui kerjasama terbuka di antara para penganut agama. Saling fitnah, saling mengkafirkan dan menyesatkan, ataupun mempropagandakan untuk saling membenci adalah tindakan yang sama sekali tidak pernah dianjurkan oleh Islam, bahkan sejak kehadiran Nabi Muhammad Saw. di tanah Arab.
  3. Kepada Pemerintah Indonesia, hendaknya pula melindungi, menghormati dan memenuhi hak-hak dasar beragama dan berkeyakinan seluruh warga Negara. Citra baik Indonesia sebagai Negara berpenduduk Muslim terbesar yang paling demokratis dan toleran jangan pula sampai dirusak oleh tindakan-tindakan intoleran dan tidak demokratis yang nota bene bertentangan dengan Pancasila dan UUD 1945.
  4. Telah menjadi kewajiban Negara untuk menjamin hak asasi setiap orang di tingkat Nasional, tanpa memandang latar bekalang, baik ras, suku, agama, keyakinan, budaya, etnis dan lainnya, karena Pemerintah merupakan perpanjangan tangan dari seluruh komponen masyarakat yang berbeda-beda. Penegakan hukum secara akuntabel dan transparan terhadap siapapun yang menyalahi norma kehidupan bersama merupakan prasyarat penting bagi terwujudnya Indonesia yang lebih demokratis dan toleran.


*Press release Siaran Pers Komisioner HAM OKI pada 14 Mei 2012 di UIN Jakarta, diselenggarakan oleh Human Rights Working Group (HRWG), CSRC UIN Jakarta dan The Wahid Institute.  



Posted in Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, Press Release | Tagged: , , | 4 Comments »

Islam Dorong Toleransi Moderasi dalam pemikiran agama perlu dikembangkan

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on May 15, 2012


Republika, 15 Mei 2012

Tindakan tak toleran dan menjurus pada kekerasan atas nama agama tak mencerminkan ajaran Islam.
Hal ini disampaikan Ketua AdInterim Komisi Independen HAM Organisasi Konferensi Islam (IPHRC-OKI) Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatun dalam diskusi publik di Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta, Senin (14/5).

Dialog dalam penyelesaian masalah, termasuk dengan sesama Muslim, sangat dianjurkan. Menurut Ruhaini, Piagam OKI menyatakan bersatunya umat Islam dalam organisasi ini bertujuan memajukan nilai perdamaian, toleransi, dan keadilan. “Nilai-nilai inilah yang dapat digunakan untuk melestarikan univer salitas Islam,“ katanya.

Dengan demikian, negaranegara yang bergabung dengan organisasi ini mampu menuntun warga negaranya yang Muslim, khususnya mampu berlaku toleran terhadap nonMuslim dan saudara Muslim yang berbeda pandangan.
Dalam konteks ini, kata Ruhaini, OKI mengembangkan reformasi, moderasi, dan modernisasi di negara-negara anggotanya.

Bukan hanya itu, melalui aksi 10 tahun, mulai 2005 hingga 2015, OKI menentang semua bentuk ekstremisme, tindakan kekerasan, serta terorisme.
“Kami juga menentang berkembangnya Islamofobia,“ jelasnya. Ia menganjurkan agar moderasi pemikiran agama dikembangkan untuk mengatasi sikap intoleransi yang terkadang muncul.

Dengan demikian, kelompok ekstrem didorong agar tak membiarkan dirinya melakukan tindakan kekerasan. Sebab, di masyarakat ada keberagaman yang tak bisa dihindarkan.
“Bila tak dicoba, dampaknya akan buruk bagi citra umat Islam serta membuka jalan bagi kelompok tertentu memanfaatkan kondisi ini,“ jelas Ruhaini.

Direktur Center for the Study of Religion and Culture (CSRC) UIN Syarif Hida yatullah Irfan Abubakar melihat, kekerasan yang ditempuh sekelompok orang terjadi karena perbedaan melihat konsep kebebasan beragama. Bagi sebagian masyarakat, kebebasan itu dinilai berbahaya bagi kualitas keimanan dan umat Islam. Menurut dia, dari sinilah muncul golongan keras.

Meski, ia mengakui, kebebasan itu milik semua orang, termasuk mereka yang dianggap sebagai kelompok garis keras. Dalam survei yang dilakukan lembaganya, jelas Irfan, ditemukan bahwa tingkat religiusitas masyarakat di Indonesia tinggi. Meski demikian, didapati pula fakta bahwa mereka tak menganggap tindakan bertoleransi dengan cara menghargai kelompok lain sebagai bagian penting religiusitas.


Posted in Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Religion, Human Rights and Islam, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

Kaum Muslim Moderat Harus Lebih Lantang

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on May 15, 2012

Senin, 14 Mei 2012 | 23:09 WIB

JAKARTA, — Kaum Muslim moderat di Indonesia masih merupakan mayoritas dan menjadi arus utama. Namun, mereka diminta untuk bersuara lebih lantang, terutama dalam menolak tindakan intoleran atas nama agama, apalagi disertai dengan kekerasan.

“Penolakan atas tindakan intoleran harus disuarakan lebih keras oleh mayoritas umat Islam yang moderat. Jika tidak, sikap antiperbedaan pendapat dan kebebasan berpikir itu akan semakin mendapat tempat di negara yang menjamin kebebasan berpendapat dan berkeyakinan,” kata anggota Komisi Independen Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) Organisasi Kerja Sama Islam (OKI), Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin, di Jakarta, Senin (14/5/2012).

Menurut Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin, ada sejumlah kasus yang menggambarkan toleransi di kalangan masyarakat Indonesia belakangan ini semakin tergerus. Salah satunya, penolakan dan pembubaran diskusi dengan pemikir Muslim asal Kanada, Irshad Manji, di Jakarta dan di Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta.

Pada saat bersamaan, kontroversi atas keberadaan jemaah Ahmadiyah dan Syiah juga masih terus bergulir.

Untuk mengantisipasi kondisi itu, kaum Muslim moderat yang merupakan arus utama umat Islam di Indonesia diharapkan tidak tinggal diam atas perilaku tidak toleran dan kekerasan atas nama agama.

“Jika kekerasan ini dibiarkan, dan kelompok mayoritas moderat tidak bersuara, situasinya bakal semakin mengkhawatirkan,” katanya.

Komisi HAM OKI sudah membahas soal ini. “Semua komisioner sepakat, kelompok minoritas harus dilindungi, termasuk di Indonesia. Indonesia harus menunjukkan keseriusan untuk menjaga aset penting sebagai bangsa, yaitu hasrat untuk hidup bersama dan menerima perbedaan,” katanya.

Posted in Freedom of Religion, Human Rights and Islam, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Vigilante groups ‘could battle’ Muslim radicals

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on May 15, 2012

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 05/15/2012 8:00 AM

Muslim activists are warning that people might form vigilante groups if the government takes no action against the violent campaigns carried out by a number of hard-line organizations.

Wahid Institute pluralism activist Rumadi said members of the public were likely to take the law into their own hands because they believe the police have been protecting hard-line groups .

“It is possible because the police continue to side with the hard-line groups and people know they can’t rely on the police anymore for protection,” Rumadi said on Monday.

After harassing minority groups across the country, some radical groups recently turned their attention to attacking individuals and institutions that promote liberal ideas.

Last week, such groups disrupted book discussions featuring Irshad Manji, a Canadian liberal Muslim activist, both within and outside of the capital.

Muslim scholar Ulil Abshar Abdalla said that the violent actions taken by firebrand groups had raised the ire of some members of the community.

Ulil said that communities could set up a “neighborhood watch” to contain the movement of radical groups.

“It’s not an ideal solution to the problem, but it would probably do for now because we can’t expect much from the police,” he said.

Ulil, member of the Democratic Party’s central board, said that he once suggested that the government disband these hard-line groups.

But the government declined to do so because it lacked the legal grounds to take the action, Ulil said.

On May 4, members of the Islam Defenders Front (FPI) broke up Manji’s discussion at the Salihara Cultural Center in Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta.

Five days later, the rector of Yogyakarta’s Gadjah Mada University (UGM) cancelled Manji’s speech, organized by the Center for Religious and Cross-Cultural Studies, citing “security reasons”.

UGM said that it had been under pressure from a number of groups to cancel the talk.

The following day, members of the Indonesian Mujahidin Council (MMI) ransacked the office of the Institute for Islamic and Social Studies (LKiS) in Yogyakarta, where Manji was expected to participate in a discussion.

The mob vandalized the publisher’s office and tore pages out of Manji’s books, which had been displayed for sale.

Manji and her assistant suffered minor injuries in the attack.

Witnesses have said that no police officers were seen during the attack.

Between January 2011 and May 2012, as many as 20 attacks on minority groups were recorded in

Ahmadiyah communities, Shiite groups and Christian congregations were among those targeted.

Irfan Abubakar, the director of the Center for the Study of Religion and Culture, said the government could no longer promote Indonesia as a model for a pluralist society to the rest of the world.

“This has turned into an empty slogan used by the government in international diplomacy,” Irfan said.

His comments came as Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin from the Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) said that Indonesia should protect the rights of minority groups.

The IPHRC oversees human rights issues for the Organization of Islamic Conference’s (OIC) member countries.

She said that member countries should protect minority groups with the same zeal that they have called for protection for Muslim minorities in other countries.

She also said that OIC has the authority over what was considered Islamic and non-Islamic.

“The OIC has never banned the Ahmadiyah and Shiite movements, and this should mean something to Indonesia,” Siti said. (tas)


Posted in Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »


Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on April 2, 2012

Ratification of the UN Treaty Bodies by OIC Member States.

Please Click Here for Donwload RATIFIKASI KOVENAN NEGARA OKI


Update: December list 2011



Posted in International Human Rights, OIC Human Rights News, OIC Member States and UN Human Rights Mechanism | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

UN HRC Resolution: Combating intolerance, incitement to violence and violence against based on religion/belief

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on March 22, 2012

Human Rights Council

Nineteenth session (Agenda item 9)

Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related form of intolerance, follow-up and implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action

19/…      Combating intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization of, and discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against, persons based on religion or belief

The Human Rights Council,

       Reaffirming the commitment made by all States under the Charter of the United Nations to promote and encourage universal respect for and observance of all human rights and fundamental freedoms without distinction as to, inter alia, religion or belief,

       Reaffirming also Human Rights Council resolution 16/18 of 24 March 2011 and General Assembly resolution 66/167 of 19 December 2011,

       Welcoming the panel discussion on strengthened international efforts to foster a global dialogue for the promotion of a culture of tolerance and peace at all levels, based on respect for human rights and diversity of religions and beliefs, held during the seventeenth session of the Human Rights Council pursuant to paragraph 9 of resolution 16/18,

       Reaffirming the obligation of States to prohibit discrimination on the basis of religion or belief and to implement measures to guarantee the equal and effective protection of the law,

       Reaffirming also that the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides, inter alia, that everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion or belief, which shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching,

       Reaffirming further the positive role that the exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression and the full respect for the freedom to seek, receive and impart information can play in strengthening democracy and combating religious intolerance,

       Deeply concerned about incidents of intolerance, discrimination and violence against persons based on their religion or belief in all regions of the world,

       Deploring any advocacy of discrimination or violence on the basis of religion or belief,

       Strongly deploring all acts of violence against persons on the basis of their religion or belief, as well as any such acts directed against their homes, businesses, properties, schools, cultural centres or places of worship,

       Concerned about actions that wilfully exploit tensions or target individuals on the basis of their religion or belief,

       Noting with deep concern the instances of intolerance, discrimination and acts of violence in many parts of the world, including cases motivated by discrimination against persons belonging to religious minorities, in addition to the negative projection of the followers of religions and the enforcement of measures that specifically discriminate against persons on the basis of religion or belief,

       Recognizing the valuable contribution of people of all religions or beliefs to humanity and the contribution that dialogue among religious groups can make towards an improved awareness and understanding of the common values shared by all humankind,

       Recognizing also that working together to enhance implementation of existing legal regimes that protect individuals against discrimination and hate crimes, increase interfaith and intercultural efforts, and to expand human rights education are important first steps in combating incidents of intolerance, discrimination and violence against individuals on the basis of religion or belief,

       1.             Expresses deep concern at the continued serious instances of derogatory stereotyping, negative profiling and stigmatization of persons based on their religion or belief, as well as programmes and agendas pursued by extremist organizations and groups aimed at creating and perpetuating negative stereotypes about religious groups, in particular when condoned by Governments;

       2.             Expresses its concern that incidents of religious intolerance, discrimination and related violence, as well as of negative stereotyping of individuals on the basis of religion or belief, continue to rise around the world, and condemns, in this context, any advocacy of religious hatred against individuals that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence, and urges States to take effective measures, as set forth in the present resolution, consistent with their obligations under international human rights law, to address and combat such incidents;

       3.             Condemns any advocacy of religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence, whether it involves the use of print, audio-visual or electronic media or any other means;

       4.             Recognizes that the open public debate of ideas, as well as interfaith and intercultural dialogue, at the local, national and international levels can be among the best protections against religious intolerance and can play a positive role in strengthening democracy and combating religious hatred, and convinced that a continuing dialogue on these issues can help overcome existing misperceptions;

       5.             Notes the speech given by Secretary-General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference at the fifteenth session of the Human Rights Council, and draws on his call on States to take the following actions to foster a domestic environment of religious tolerance, peace and respect, by:

       (a)           Encouraging the creation of collaborative networks to build mutual understanding, promoting dialogue and inspiring constructive action towards shared policy goals and the pursuit of tangible outcomes, such as servicing projects in the fields of education, health, conflict prevention, employment, integration and media education;

       (b)           Creating an appropriate mechanism within Governments to, inter alia, identify and address potential areas of tension between members of different religious communities, and assisting with conflict prevention and mediation;

       (c)           Encouraging training of Government officials in effective outreach strategies;

       (d)           Encouraging the efforts of leaders to discuss within their communities the causes of discrimination, and evolving strategies to counter these causes;

       (e)           Speaking out against intolerance, including advocacy of religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence;

       (f)            Adopting measures to criminalize incitement to imminent violence based on religion or belief;

       (g)           Understanding the need to combat denigration and negative religious stereotyping of persons, as well as incitement to religious hatred, by strategizing and harmonizing actions at the local, national, regional and international levels through, inter alia, education and awareness-building;

       (h)           Recognizing that the open, constructive and respectful debate of ideas, as well as interfaith and intercultural dialogue at the local, national and international levels, can play a positive role in combating religious hatred, incitement and violence;

       6.             Calls upon all States:

       (a)           To take effective measures to ensure that public functionaries in the conduct of their public duties do not discriminate against an individual on the basis of religion or belief;

       (b)           To foster religious freedom and pluralism by promoting the ability of members of all religious communities to manifest their religion, and to contribute openly and on an equal footing to society;

       (c)           To encourage the representation and meaningful participation of individuals, irrespective of their religion, in all sectors of society;

       (d)           To make a strong effort to counter religious profiling, which is understood to be the invidious use of religion as a criterion in conducting questionings, searches and other law enforcement investigative procedures;

       7.             Encourages States to consider providing updates on efforts made in this regard as part of ongoing reporting to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights;

       8.             Calls upon States to adopt measures and policies to promote the full respect for and protection of places of worship and religious sites, cemeteries and shrines, and to take measures in cases where they are vulnerable to vandalism or destruction;

       9.             Calls for strengthened international efforts to foster a global dialogue for the promotion of a culture of tolerance and peace at all levels, based on respect for human rights and diversity of religions and beliefs.

Distr. by UN HRC Extranet / Original: English/ 16 March 2012

Posted in For Your Information, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Religion, Human Rights and Islam, International Human Rights, Pakistan | Tagged: , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Indonesia wants to be Host of OIC Human Rights Commission

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on March 15, 2012

Thursday, 23 February, 2012

TEMPO Interactive, Jakarta:Indonesia is planning on running to become a host for the Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s (OIC) Human Right Commission. “We are running [for the position] in response to the gridlock in the decision making process to determine where the commission should be based,” said Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Michael Tene on Wednesday. “But we’re not competing.”

The commission, established a year ago, has been absent due to fierce competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Both countries insisted on becoming the base for the Human Rights Commission which recently held its first meeting in Jakarta this week. The determination of the Human Rights Commission base is scheduled to be announced in the OIC Foreign Affairs Minister Meeting in Djibouti in mid-year.

The effort has been supported by Indonesian human rights activists. “Human rights enforcement in Indonesia is much better that other Islamic countries,” said Muhammad Hazif, program manager of the OIC Human Rights Watch Group (HRWG), after an informal meeting between Indonesian Civilian Coalition with the OIC Human Rights commissioners at the Aryaduta Hotel in Jakarta.



Posted in CSO Participation, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Tagged: , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

NGOs ask OIC’s new human rights body to engage civil society

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on March 15, 2012

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 02/21/2012 8:13 PM

Several non-governmental human rights organizations said that the newly established Islamic Cooperation Organization (OIC) Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) should actively involve civil society in their activities.

“According to my experience, state-level organizations’ credibility and accountability would improve if they succeed in building constructive engagement with various civil society groups,” Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) executive director Rafendi Djamin said on Tuesday.

He added that the participation of civil society was necessary and required access, distribution of information and other mechanisms from the commission.

Rafendi’s statement was made during an informal luncheon discussion between the commissioners of OIC’s IPHRC and Indonesian civic leaders at the Aryaduta Hotel in Central Jakarta.

The IPHRC is holding its first official meeting from Monday to Friday this week in Jakarta.

Indonesia’s representative to the commission, Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin, has been appointed as commission chairperson. The commission is currently determining where they might establish their headquarters.

The creation of the IPHRC is deemed as a major breakthrough for the Islamic world, as many of its countries face criticism regarding allegations of failure to protect human rights.

Several representatives from Indonesia, such as Wahid Institute director Yenny Zannuba Wahid and the chairperson of the National Commission on Violence against Women, Yuniyanti Chuzaifah, also attended the event. (rpt)


Posted in CSO Participation, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

OIC body told to engage civil groups

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on March 15, 2012

Rabby Pramudatama, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 02/22/2012

The newly-established human rights commission at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) should work together with civil organizations in order to improve human rights protection, rights watchdogs have said.

To make the collaboration run smoothly, the OIC’s Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) needs to give civil society access to information about human rights issues.

“Based on my experience, state-level organizations’ credibility and accountability improves if they succeed in building constructive engagement with various civil society groups,” Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) executive director Rafendi Djamin said on Tuesday.

The OIC, an organization that attempts to be the collective voice of the Muslim world (Ummah), set up the IPHRC in June 2011, in Astana, Kazakhstan.

As a member, Indonesia has been appointed to hold the first meeting, which took place at a Central Jakarta hotel from Monday to Friday this week. Other elements of civil society expressed hopes that the IPHRC, as the new commission, was perceived as more progressive compared to other human rights bodies at the regional level.

The IPHRC recognized the role of civil society organizations in promoting and protecting human rights in Muslim countries as stated in Article 15 of its statute. National Commission on Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan) chairperson Yuniyanti Chuzaifah said it was crucial for the IPHRC to expand its mandate.

“The IPHRC should have the authority to monitor its member countries and the results should be verified with information provided by civil society,” she said.

Zannuba “Yenny” Wahid, the director of the Wahid Institute and also the daughter of Indonesia’s fourth president, the late Abdurrahman Wahid, highlighted the challenges that the IPHRC faced.

“The commission is facing a great challenge, because according to its statute it has no binding resolution,” she told The Jakarta Post.

The IPHRC’s statute article 12 stipulates, “The commission shall carry out consultative tasks for the council and submit recommendations to it. It shall also carry out other tasks as may be assigned to it by the summit or the council.”

Despite its lack of binding power, Yenny said that the commission was still making good progress in regard to its function as an official permanent body that could, at least, set standard recommendations on human rights issues.

She said that on a domestic level, Indonesia’s main problem on human rights issues was the government’s lack of political will, which she deemed as the source of almost all human rights violations occurring across the country.

Many deemed that the creation of the IPHRC was a major breakthrough in the Islamic world, because many Muslim countries were criticized for their incompatibilities with human rights norms.

On Monday, the first day of the IPHRC’s meeting, Indonesia’s representative to the commission, Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin, was appointed as the chairperson of the commission among all 18 commissioners.

“I think the protection of religious minority groups is one of my missions in the IPHRC,” she told the Post.

She said that the issue had not become the commission’s agenda but she would highlight violence against religious minority groups to commission members.



Posted in CSO Participation, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

“erga omnes” HRWG Bulletin No. 1 Volume III Tahun 2011

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on February 29, 2012

Klik di sini erga omnes HRWG bulletin Edisi 1

Atau klick di sini untuk membaca online

Posted in Document and Articles, For Your Information, Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Leave a Comment »

Pengantar saat Menerima Sekretaris Jenderal dan Anggota Komisi HAM Organisasi Kerja Sama Islam (OKI)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on February 29, 2012


Assalaamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.,

Your Excellency, Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu,
Distinguished members of the independent, permanent Human Rights Commission of OIC,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

First of all, I would like to welcome you all to Jakarta, Indonesia. Thanks for visiting Indonesia and for choosing Indonesia as the first place of your meeting. I wish you well in your endeavor.

I remember when I met Prof. Ihsanoglu several times, I always support his excellent ideas and initiatives for advancing our organization, OIC.

Of course, we are living in a very challenging world. And, we agree—I believe—we all agree, Your Excellency, Ladies and Gentlemen, that OIC must be part of the solution, and OIC must actively offer solutions to what we are facing in our world today.

I am pleased and I’d like to congratulate for the establishment of this very important commission, Human Rights Commission. And, with this institution, I am hoping that our organization, OIC, can do more for the benefit of all member countries of the OIC and, of course, to the world.

Having said that, I’d be glad to listen to you, Your Excellency, your goals, your activities here in Indonesia. And, of course, Indonesia will always support OIC, will always support the new independent, permanent Human Rights Commission of the OIC. So, once again, welcome.


Biro Pers, Media dan Informasi
Sekretariat Presiden


Posted in Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Indonesia, OIC Human Rights News | Leave a Comment »

Kemanakah Arah Perjuangan HAM OKI?

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on February 29, 2012

Perbincangan Radio KBR68H dan Tempo TV tentang OKI dan Penegakan HAM.

Bersama: Muhammad Hafiz (OIC Program Manager – HRWG) dan Lutfie Assyaukani (Director of Freedom Institute)

Host: Saidiman Ahmad dan Novri (KBR68H/Tempo TV)

KBR68H – Indonesia dipercaya menjadi tuan rumah kongres pertama Komisi HAM OKI (Organisasi Kerjasama  Islam). Kongres ini merupakan lanjutan dari Deklarasi Kairo. Pembahasan Kongres ini fokus kepada pemahaman dan definisi HAM yang bakal diperjuangkan.

Sedikitnya ada 18 negara yang ikut terlibat dari 57 negara Anggota OKI. Kongres berlangsung dari 19 hingga 24 Februari 2012. Seperti apa idealnya HAM yang bakal diperjuangkan oleh OKI?  KBR68H memperbincangkannya dalam  program Agama dan Masyarakat Rabu 22 Februari 2012.

Independensi Komisi HAM OKI

Sejak diproklamirkan 1991 dengan kemunculan Deklarasi HAM dalam Islam (Deklarasi Kairo), OKI tidak menunjukkan keberadaaan yang berarti bagi negara-negara anggotanya. OKI seperti tenggelam dari isu-isu internasional. Memasuki tahun 200-an baru OKI menunjukkan taringnya, ini terlihat  pada pertemuan ke-38 di Astana Kazakhstan 2011, keluar satu rumusan pembentukan satu komisi Independen. Komisi ini dinamai Komisi Independen Permanen Hak Asasi Manusia OKI (OIC IPHRC).

Human Rights Working Group dipilih menjadi partner yang mengadvokasi Komisi ini. Menurut Manager Program HRWG Indonesia Muhammad Hafiz, komisi HAM OKI ini sangat independen, termasuk kebijakan yang diambil oleh anggota komisonernya.

“Beda ya, keanggotaan komisioner Komisi HAM OKI dengan keanggotaan pada Organisasai seperti ASEAN. Di Komisi ini, anggotanya bebas mengambil kebijakan dengan pendapat pribadi. Mereka tidak harus mempertanggungjawabkannya ke Kepala Negara masing-masing, bukan seperti anggota ASEAN, mereka masing-masing mempertanggungjawabkannya ke peada presiden/kepala negara masing-masing”, ujarnya.

Namun menurut Akademisi Paramida, Luthfi Asyaukani, OKI tidak perlu repot-repot untuk memperjuangkan HAM, kata dia semuanya telah ada dalam Al-Qur’an.

“Islam itu telah memiliki teologi yang jelas, kalau merunut pada teologi itu maka Islam itu juga mengajari tentang HAM. Bahkan Almarhum Nurkholis Madjid menyebutkan, Qur’an pun mengajarkan tentang liberal”, ungkapnya.

“Dalam teologi Islam, tidak perlu membuat deklarasi khusus tentang HAM. Karena di dalam ajaran islam sudah diatur. Jadi saya heran, kenapa harus dibuat resolusi atau organisi serupa di OKI.

Tapi satu sisi saya memahami, karena ini sebagai bentuk jawaban secara kelembagaan, dari setiap sikap negara -negara Barat. Tapi yang jelas Islam, mengajar semua tentang HAM atau Human Rights”, tambahnya.

Luthfi menyebutkan salah satu dalil-dalil yang menjelaskan ketegasan Islam menghormati keberagaman adalah kalimat “la Ikhraha Fiddiyn- Tidak ada pemaksaan dalam memeluk agama”. Tapi yang terjadi, katanya banyak pemahaman teologi yang berbeda antara ulama yang menafsirkannya. Maka menurutnya HAM itu telah diajarkan dalam Islam.

Luthfi meragukan Komisi HAM OKI bakal independen, alasannya tidak mudah memberikan pemahaman HAM kepada masing-masing negara anggota.

“Ada perbedaaan mendasar di beberapa negara anggota OKI. Perbedaaan itu terletak pada pemahaman yang disebut syariah atau hukum Di sejumlah negara ada yang memahami syariah  melalui Mazhab Hanbali, ada yang menggunakan Mazhab Syafi’i dan lain-lain. Sehingga sulit untuk menerapkan model HAM yang mana yang bakal didukung oleh OKI. Apakah HAM yang universal atau HAM yang termaktub dalam AL-Qur’an” tegasnya.

Muhammad Hafiz menyetujui ungkapan, Luthfi, kata dia, mungkin itu juga yang pada akhirnya berkembang dalam Kongres Pertama Komisi HAM  OKI ini. Kata dia, pada awalnya Kongres ini menekankan beberap aspek pembahasan, yakni terkait Perempuan dan anak, Palestina dan israel. Dan membangun demokrasi di negara-negara muslim. Namun yang terjadi  hanya membahas Sipil dan Politik.

Tapi Hafiz menyatakan, minimal kongres ini memberikan angin segar bahwa ada semacam kekuatan baru dari OKI untuk turut terlibat pada isu-isu internasional.

“Nantinya OKI bisa mengeluarkan resolusi dan  justifikasi dalam hal-hal yang berkaitan kekerasan HAM”.

Perjuangan HAM OKI dan Indonesia

Muhammad Hafiz menegaskan, apapun yang tengah berlangsung dalam kongres pertama OKI kali ini, intinya untuk memberikan pandangan pada dunia internasional, bahwa OKI tidak membenarkan pelanggaran HAM.

“Tidak ada konsesus Islam seperti apa yang membenarkan perbuataan kekerasan. Artinya ketika di Arab Saudi melanggar HAM, berarti itu tidak dianggap sebagai gambaran Islam secara umum. Orang tidak boleh mengatakan, begitulah Islam. Karena yang melakukannya adalah adalah Arab Saudinya”.

Lalu bagaimana Indonesia ? Kata Luthfi Asyaukani, Indonesia termasuk salah satu negara yang diusulan menjadi model penegakan HAM

“Ada yang mengusulkan Indoensia sebagai model negara islam yang mendukung perjuangan HAM. Alasannya, Indonesia negara yang mendukung demokrasi, ekonomi berkembang baik, meski disatu sisi masih ada beberapa permasalahan kekerasan HAM”. Ungkapnya.

Contoh lainya adalah kemampuan umat Islam di Indonesia beradaptasi dengan kehidupan Universal.

Kata dia, meski terjadi revolusi di Negara-negara Islam belakangan ini terutama di Timur Tengah, tapi itu tidak akan berpengaruh besar. Pelanggaran HAM tidak bakal terjadi meski yang muncul sebagai pemenang dalam revolusi tersebut adalah partai-partai Islam. Ia mencontohkan dengan PKS yang ada di Indonesia.

“Dulu PKS, partai Islam di awal-awal eklusif, tapi belakangan mereka mencoba untuk membaur secara unviersal dengan membuka diri dengan komunitas lainnya”tegasnya.

Meski yakin Indonesia sebagai contoh yang cocok. Namun Lutfi masih ragu

“Indonesia masih berada pada posisi yang membingungkan. Di satu sisi Indonesi seperti ikut dengan konsensus penegakkan HAM dengan konsep Universal. Tapi di sisi lainnya, karena menjadai negara dominan Muslim, Indonesia seperti enggan melepas jati diri bagian dari negara yang terikat konsesus Islam”.


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