The OIC Human Rights

Human Rights in Islamic Countries

Archive for the ‘Egypt’ Category

Following the current developments in Egypt, the OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) issued the statement

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 17, 2013

10/07/2013  | The Commission follows with deep concern and regret the tragic clashes and bloodshed in Egypt over the past week, and deplores all forms of violence and attacks on private and public property, as well as places of worship.

While it reaffirms the need to ensure freedom of expression, including through peaceful demonstrations, for all Egyptians alike without fear for safety, or of reprisal, the Commission strongly condemns all those who have made the situation in Egypt escalate into violence and loss of life.

The Commission reminds that the sanctity of human life is highly revered in all religions, and that the Holy Quran teaches that the unjust deprivation of the right to life of an individual is same as the killing of all people. Islam also commands to respect other’s freedom of religion. Under international human rights law, no derogation from these universal rights may be permitted.

Whereas it reiterates that it is the obligation of States to promote and protect the rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression, the Commission reasserts that the exercise of these rights has to be carried out in conformity with the law at all times, so as to preserve public safety and order as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Commission also reaffirms States’ obligation to ensure that no one shall be deprived of his or her liberty except on such grounds, and in accordance with such procedure, as are established by the law.

The Commission welcomes the pledge of the Egyptian Interim Authorities to uphold their responsibilities in this regard and to reinstate respect for the rule of law, and it calls upon the latter to ensure the freedom of the media, as well as the early restoration of constitutional democracy.

The Commission also welcomes the recently initiated inclusive dialogue, and encourages all parties and political forces in Egypt to constructively engage in this process, confident that it will enhance peaceful national reconciliation efforts while laying the foundations of a pluralistic society, based on sound democratic institutions, and wherein human rights for all are wholly observed and protected.

The Commission unequivocally supports the right of the Egyptian people to determine their future in their continuous and legitimate quest for development, freedom and social justice, and their right to choose their new leadership through free and transparent elections. It further calls upon the international community to fully respect the free will of the Egyptian people, without interference in the internal affairs of the country. It also underlines that support for the ongoing national reconciliation efforts at this critical moment could not be overemphasized.

As the Holy Month of Ramadan begins, Muslims in Egypt are once more reminded of the true nature of Islam, which instructs them to be compassionate towards each other, and tolerant towards others. All parties and factions in Egypt are urged to resort to calm, hence allowing for the creation of an amicable environment necessary to maintain social peace and cohesion. Exercising maximum restraint and the immediate cessation of all acts of violence and incitement to hatred and violence are imperative to turn over the pages of recent history once and for all.



Posted in Egypt, Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) | Leave a Comment »

The 12th Session Of The Islamic Summit Conference

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on January 23, 2013

The 12th Session Of The Islamic Summit Conference
21 – 26 Rabea Awal 1434 H | 2 – 7 February 2013
Cairo – Arab Republic of Egypt

“The Muslim World: New Challenges and Expanding Opportunities”

Welcome Note by H.E. The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt

Dr.Mohamed Morsy 
The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt

It is a great pleasure to welcome the visitors of the official website of the Twelfth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference being held in Cairo Egypt from the 2nd till the 7th of February 2013. Convening the Islamic Summit in Cairo entails a great significance as it is the first time for Egypt to host a summit of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC); the second largest intergovernmental organization (57 States from 4 continents) after the United Nations, in addition to the fact that it will be the first summit to be held in Egypt after the 25th of January Revolution. Egypt is a founding member of the OIC, which was established upon a decision by the historical Rabat summit (September 1969) in the aftermath of the criminal arson of the Holy Aqsa Mosque during the summer of that year. Egypt’s role was not limited to that important historical dimension; but rather remained persistent through its continuous efforts to intensify political coordination and economic cooperation among member countries. Egypt is committed to contribute positively to OIC committees and organs. 

The consecutive international and regional crises in the last few years have led the OIC member countries to face a variety of fundamental challenges. This situation entails the necessity for orchestrating coordinative and joint efforts with the aim of submitting creative perspectives dealing with the consequences arising from those crises. It is our conviction that common visions and stances should be developed as a necessary prerequisite for enabling OIC member states to adapt to the current international situation, which differs than that prevailing when the OIC was established 44 years ago. On the other hand, we realize the importance of consolidating the OIC principles and noble objectives, which are crucial nowadays more than anytime else. 

I will be glad to welcome Their Majesties and Excellencies Kings, Heads of State and Government of the OIC member countries in Egypt, as well as all Delegates to our Twelfth Summit in February 2013. I am confident that this Summit will be important, successful, and will pave the way towards a new horizon of joint Islamic cooperation and coordination that complies with the aspirations of our peoples for a better future.


Posted in Egypt, OIC Meeting | 1 Comment »

HRW accuses Egypt military of silencing critics

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on August 18, 2011

HRW accuses Egypt military of silencing critics

17 August 2011

CAIRO — Human Rights Watch accused Egypt’s military on Thursday of escalating a crackdown on critics, after it decided to try an activist for insulting the ruling generals.


Asmaa Mahfouz, an activist and blogger involved in the uprising earlier this year that toppled president Hosni Mubarak, will be tried by a military court for defamation, a judicial source said this week.

Mahfouz was questioned Sunday for “speaking inappropriately about the military council and for using defamatory and offensive insults against the council on Facebook and Twitter,” the official MENA news agency had reported.

“The military prosecutor’s decision to prosecute the youth leader Asmaa Mahfouz for ‘insulting the military’ is a serious escalation of efforts by military leaders to silence critical voices,” the New York-based rights group said in a statement.

“The Mahfouz case is the latest in a series of moves prosecuting critical expression by the military, which is increasingly setting narrower and narrower limits on what it permits,” it said.

The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has ruled Egypt since the fall of Mubarak on February 11.

The military council has come under much criticism from pro-democracy activists in Egypt, who suspect it will delay a transition to civilian government.

It has also been criticised for summoning journalists over their reporting and arresting them during protests.

Mahfouz was a co-founder of the April 6 youth movement which had called for the January 25 street protests that led to the ousting of Mubarak 18 days later, ending his 30 years of autocratic rule.

Posted in Egypt, News of the OIC Countries, Other Rights | Leave a Comment »

Mubarak Menolak Semua Tuduhan

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on August 4, 2011

Kamis, 4 Agustus 2011

KAIRO, — Sebuah titik balik sejarah tergores di Mesir ketika ranjang pasien yang membawa mantan Presiden Mesir Hosni Mubarak (83), Rabu (3/8/2011) pukul 10.10 waktu setempat, terlihat masuk ruang khusus sidang pengadilan di kompleks akademi kepolisian di kota Kairo.

Mubarak yang mengenakan baju putih diadili bersama dua putranya, Alaa dan Jamal, mantan Menteri Dalam Negeri Habib al-Adly, serta sejumlah mantan pejabat tinggi lain. Mereka dikenai tuduhan melakukan pembunuhan sengaja terhadap pengunjuk rasa dan kasus korupsi.

Berkas perkara pidana Mubarak dan Al-Adly tercatat bernomor 3643 tahun 2011 yang dikenal dengan berkas perkara Qasr al-Nil. Qasr al-Nil adalah nama jembatan di atas Sungai Nil, dekat Alun-alun Tahrir, tempat berjatuhannya korban tewas dalam jumlah besar pada 25 Januari 2011. Adapun kedua putra Mubarak hanya dikenai tuduhan korupsi.

Namun, Mubarak dan kedua putranya menolak tuduhan itu. Pengacara Mubarak, Farid al-Deeb, menolak berkas perkara pidana nomor 3643 tahun 2011 itu. Berkas perkara pidana tersebut menggabungkan perkara Mubarak dan Al-Adly menjadi satu paket.

Persidangan Al-Adly dimulai lagi pada 4 Agustus, sedangkan persidangan Mubarak pada 15 Agustus. (Musthafa Abd Rahman dari Kairo, Mesir)

Posted in Egypt, News of the OIC Countries | Leave a Comment »

Roots of Unrest in the Arab World

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 29, 2011

Roots of Unrest in the Arab World

Reports & Analyses of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

download click here


Today, the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) issues its third annual report on the state of human rights in the Arab world in 2010, with a special focus on 12 countries: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, Syria, Lebanon, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Yemen.

The report is entitled Roots of Unrest, speaking to the distinctive popular revolutions sweeping across the Arab world, which have thus far toppled two of the most entrenched police dictatorships in the region, in Egypt and Tunisia, and is striking at the seats of other dictatorships in Libya and Yemen. The uprising is also compellingly imposing the need for serious, far-reaching reforms in several states, particularly Morocco, Bahrain, and Algeria, and is having repercussions in Syria, where people are living under a tyrannical regime that barely permits its citizens to breathe.

A thorough review of the report reveals that the primary roots of unrest in the Arab world are:

• A large-scale deterioration in the state of human rights, even in those countries that were, or still are, characterized by a level of ostensible political “stability.”

• A lack of political will among the Arab regimes to advance the status of human rights in their countries.

• Stagnant legislatures: Arab regimes have preserved an endless supply of legislation hostile to human rights, that is used to discipline and harass their opponents and prosecute reformists, human rights defenders, and advocates. This report notes some developments on the legislative front in 2010, mostly introduced to further restrict and suppress liberties, particularly in Egypt, Tunisia, and Sudan.

• The perpetuation of an authoritarian approach to entrench impunity and immunity for gross human rights violations.

• The use of states of emergency and counterterrorism laws to justify serious crimes, including extrajudicial killings, abductions and involuntary disappearances, arbitrary arrests, torture, and unfair trials, particularly in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Syria, Bahrain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia.

• The continuation of policies that cement and perpetuate absolute rule or hereditary succession, such as in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen; or secure systematic ethnic or sectarian social and economic discrimination and political exclusion, such as in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.

• The falsification of citizens’ will through rigged general elections. This report documents the contemptible practices of the Mubarak regime in administering the so-called parliamentary “elections” for the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council that were to precede the presidential elections of 2011. In the run-up to elections, the regime launched an unprecedented campaign of suppression that included incitement to kill demonstrators, the abduction of political activists, and a crackdown on media and new technologies for information dissemination. The situation differed little in Bahrain, where parliamentary elections were preceded by the widespread detention of hundreds of people, among them prominent political opposition figures and human rights defenders. Many of the detainees were brutally tortured before being referred to trial under the counterterrorism law.

General elections in Sudan were also conducted in a repressive climate that continued even after the vote. Election outcomes in Sudan were rigged by manipulating the census and gerrymandering electoral districts. There was open voter fraud, and the population of South and West Darfur were unable to vote, while violence and chaos prevented elections from taking place at all in several districts.

• Blocking outlets for peaceful expression by placing pressure on freedom of expression and the media, both traditional and new, especially in Yemen, Egypt, Sudan, and Bahrain. Morocco continued its policy of stifling the press, especially on issues relating to the King, the royal family, Islam, or the Western Sahara conflict.

• As for the regime of the now deposed Ben Ali in Tunisia, it continued its absolute confiscation of media freedoms and deployed the capacities of the police state to harass journalists and prosecute them on false charges. Various human rights defenders and political activists, as well as trade unionists, were placed under close surveillance and endured various forms of harassment and physical assault. Indeed, the media, totally dominated by the state, launched smear campaigns against many of these activists.

In Syria, the regime maintained its hostility and intolerance for freedom of expression and towards political activists and human rights defenders in general. The regime’s hostility was also particularly apparent when it came to the rights of the Kurdish minority. Yet, the regime of Ali Abdullah Saleh in Yemen surpassed even the Syrian regime over the course of last year, sending dozens of journalists to trial, where most of them received harsh prison terms and had their professional credentials revoked. Newspaper offices were stormed by state security, and several journalists were targets for physical attacks or assassination attempts. Both journalists and human rights defenders faced abductions, temporary disappearances, and torture, while some were then referred to exceptional courts lacking all due-process guarantees.

• The grave assault on the right to equality and freedom from religious or ethnic discrimination; especially in Bahrain against the Shiite majority; and in Egypt against Copts, Nubians, and the Bedouin residents of Sinai.

• The international community’s fading concern with human rights and democracy in the Arab region. Indeed, both the United States and the European Union increasingly allowed expediency and interests with authoritarian regimes trump the protection of human rights and the push for progress on democratic reform

Human rights in armed conflicts

Following the methodology and logic of the first two annual reports, this report devotes special attention to the status of human rights during occupations or armed conflicts.

The report notes that Palestinians remain the targets of egregious abuses, both due to the Israeli occupation and the Fatah-Hamas conflict. Israeli crimes, most notably the use of collective punishment the siege of the Gazan population as well as the imposed blockade on Gaza continued. Last year, Israel attacked the Freedom Flotilla, a convoy ship attempting to bring in humanitarian aid to the Gaza Strip. Israel also continued to implement measures to Judaicize Jerusalem, further entrench settlements, and enforce apartheid, as well as maintain its policy of extrajudicial killings.

The ongoing conflict between Fatah and Hamas was accompanied by the politicization of rights and liberties, which were routinely violated on the basis of political affiliation. Authorities in both the West Bank and Gaza were involved in wide-ranging abuses against their perceived opponents, including arbitrary detentions, torture, crackdowns on freedom of assembly, NGOs, and human rights organizations, in addition to harassment of journalists and media workers.

Iraq remained the theater of the most lethal violence in the Arab world, which claimed nearly 4,000 lives in just ten months. Religious and ethnic minorities were constant targets for violence and random killing as a result of the dominance of extremist religious discourses and groups in Iraqi political and cultural life.

Hundreds of civilians were killed in military operations against Houthis in Saada, in northern Yemen, as Saudi Arabia joined combat operations on the side of the Yemeni army. The report also documents how the Yemeni authorities have used the war on terror as a pretext to launch military campaigns against the southern provinces, whose residents are involved in widespread protest against the policies of marginalization and exclusion and the ongoing repression of southern citizens.

The report further discusses the political crisis in Lebanon, as well as the sectarian divisions and the parallel power structure of the country, which has eroded significant elements of the rule of law. The institutions of governance and the judicial and security apparatus are unable to assume their responsibilities under pressure from Hizbullah, which uses its “weapons of resistance” to intimidate internal opponents in order to block justice in the case of the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq al-Hariri and the subsequent series of assassinations and bombings.

As for armed conflicts in Sudan, they continued to exacerbate human suffering and humanitarian crises in several areas and entailed the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people and the death of many. As grave human rights abuses continued to go unpunished in many Arab states, the Sudanese regime was able to successfully circumvent the demands of international justice for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide in Darfur. At the same time, the international community failed to assume its responsibility for supporting the execution of arrest warrants issued by the International Criminal Court for President Omar al-Bashir and others accused of gross human rights violations.

In the same context, Israel practiced impunity for its crimes last year, not only due to the immunity afforded by the unwillingness of the US and Europe to hold the Israeli state accountable, but, as documented in the report, due to common interests and political calculations between Israel, the Palestinian Authority, and Hamas. These common interests obstructed the referral of crimes committed during the Israeli attack on Gaza in December 2008 to the International Criminal Court.

Finally, the CIHRS hopes, as it releases its third annual report at this decisive moment for the peoples of this region, that the report can shed additional light on the paths that the Arab people took in order to deepen the gains of the revolutionary moment and make a clean break with authoritarianism, the monopolization of power, and the lack of accountability for violations of human dignity. CIHRS also hopes that Roots of Unrest will sound a warning for some states and encourage their ruling elites to take the initiative – before it is too late -to adopt far-reaching reforms that meet popular aspirations for freedom and human dignity and a secure transition to democracy.

Posted in Egypt, Human Rights and Islam | Leave a Comment »

Egypt (Mesir)

Posted by Human Rights in Islamic Countries on July 21, 2011


Voluntary Pledges and Commitments

Egypt and UN Charter-based Bodies

Egypt and UN Treaty Bodies

Posted in Egypt | Leave a Comment »